Juvenile Justice is a system that returns justice over young criminals, since the general rules cannot be applied due to age. In the legislation of the Russian Federation, Juvenal Justice, as a term, is absent, although in the 19th century, punishments for adolescents and children in our country have been changed. And thanks
Alexander the second was created colonies and shelters for children and the rules for the juvenile criminals were determined.
In modern Russia, despite the lack of terminology, there are structures that perform this role. These include guardianship bodies and juvenile departments in the police. But there are no courts for young offenders.
Despite the presence of work with minors in Russia, the basic principles of interaction with them came to us from European states. It is these principles that lie at the heart of international standards. These include prevention of crime among adolescents, the rehabilitation of children (both committed crimes and victims of crime, family protection).
According to international standards, juvenile structures include:
1. Courts. If the lawsuit in which minors is involved is considered by a special court. 2. Systems of authorities that are engaged in the interests of children with intrameal affairs. 3. To juvenile activities include the work of special non-commercial organizations involved in minors.
The main goal of juvenile justice is the protection of the rights of those who have not yet achieved majority. Guarantees of children and adolescent rights towards adults and protection against any type of violence that can receive minors from the elders.
Elements of "juvenile standards" are contained in a number of legal acts of the Russian Federation, but it is not fully compliant. The cause of emerging contradictions is the national mentality. For example, in Russia against the introduction of European standards there are ROC. The Orthodox Church believes that "Yuvenka" does not so much protect the rights of children, how much contributes to the undermining of the family of the family, which was formed in our country for centuries.
Probably, the standards for which work with children and adolescents will be built more than once. Unconditional is a fact: it is impossible to judge juveniles as adults. But children's permissiveness is also unacceptable. Therefore, structures leading to work in this direction are required in each country.
Hello, dear friends! You were most likely heard about the juvenile justice system, about the fact that children take children and put them in special institutions or adoptive families. The term itself can be translated as "youthful justice." Now I will try to clarify with simple words what juvenile justice is, including what kind of relations it has to Russia.
What it is?
In the legislation of Russia No Definition of the term "Juvenile Justice" . Moreover, such a phrase is not used. But the definition of this term is in science. These phrases are also used in conversational speech and have a certain meaning.
Juvenile Justice is a system of authorities that exercise juvenile justice, state control over the "unfavorable" families in the interests of a minor.
By and large Under the "juvenile" understand :
- Courts on juvenile affairs. This means that the trial with the participation of a minor (civil or criminal) is transferred to Special Court .
- The activities of the authorities in "interference" into intimidate cases in the interests of a minor. Despite the fact that the word "intervention" is taken in quotes - this does not mean that I wanted to give this word negative color. Also, the activities of specialized non-commercial organizations can be attributed to juvenile.
Currently There are no juvenile courts in Russia But there are authorities whose activities can be called "juvenile". First of all - this guardianship and guardianship and the police department for minors.
Here is another definition:
Juvenile Justice is a combination of law enforcement, courts and administrative authorities, whose legitimate activities are aimed at implementing the law subject to the participation of a minor.
By the way, Wikipedia gives a definition This term is in a narrow meaning:
Juvenile Justice - a system of institutions and organizations engaged in legal advisions performed by minors
Juvenal technology came to us from Europe. Despite the fact that in the Soviet Union and in Russia there was an independent practice for the protection of minors, nevertheless There are international norms and principles that Russia strive to follow .
Among international acts, the following can be distinguished:
- United Nations Convention "On the Rights of the Child".
- European Convention "On the Implementation of Children's Rights".
Russia is attempting to bring its legislation in accordance with international standards. It does not always work. Sometimes there are contradictions between the international standard and internal mentality.
Legislation of Russia
Elements of "juvenile" legislation are contained in the following regulatory legal acts:
- Family Code of the Russian Federation.
- Criminal procedural legislation.
- Code of Administrative Offenses.
- FZ "On the basics of a system of prevention of neglect and offenses of minors".
- FZ "On the protection of children from information that hurts their health and development."
- FZ "On the basic guarantees of the rights of the child."
- The relevant decrees of the President and the Decree of the Government aimed at protecting the rights of children and all sorts of guarantees.
The elements of the development of the juvenile system can also be considered National Action Strategy for Children for 2012 - 2017 which was approved by the Presidential Decree. The strategy, among other things, provided for measures aimed at creating a friendly to the child justice.
Who can be a member of juvenile technology?
- law enforcement officers;
- Social teachers;
- Social workers.
Supporters and opponents
The juvenile justice system has both supporters and opponents. As far as I understand, the deputies of the State Duma, I. Yarova and E. Lakhov, can be attributed to supporters. For example, such a socio-political figure as S. Kurginyan applies to Yarym opponents.
Law Enforcement Practice
Personally, I believe that the very idea of protecting minor rights is good and natural. Whether it is worth creating a separate judicial branch - a controversial issue. It is necessary to recognize that in the main mass of citizens of Russia with cautiousness to juvenile technologies. I believe that this comes from a general inclination not to trust the law enforcement and judicial system. Any interference of power in intrameal affairs is perceived negatively.
Stereotypes or tendencies negatively refer to the authorities did not arise from scratch.
A family of six children moved to a new home. And immediately the family began to attend the custody and guardianship authorities. If you believe what is said in the video, it can be understood that the authorities of the authorities behaved in Hamski and instead of helping, hinted at the "repression."
I think everyone understands that a family with six children may experience certain difficulties. The authorities should help in such cases, and not to create additional difficulties.
After the roller about inadequate actions of the authorities have entered the air, the situation has changed. He arrived "Chief of PDN" and actually recognized the action of his subordinates unlawful.
Naturally, not every case can be fixed in manual order. Not surprisingly why juvenile technologies cause such a negative in society.
I hope that the article turned out to be useful for you!
On the juvenile justice in the last decade, more and more are said. Khachaturian sisters resonant business stood the public. Three sisters killed her father, stabbed a knife. As it turned out later, he raped them for many years, humiliated and mocked in every way. Perhaps if the juvenile justice in Russia worked, this would not happen.
But in the West, Juvenile Justice functions as a well-established mechanism. Child Protection Services (Child Protective Services) is obliged to react within 5 days per any signal. The teacher in the garden saw a suspicious bruise on the leg of the child? Neighbors noticed that Mom left the child of one in the house and came out for 20 minutes to the store? Parents returned home late and cable? All this can cause the child withdrawal from the family and the deep test of parents. Control measures are simply shocking - parents can be seen at any time of the day without warning, demand to pass the urine on drugs, send to a psychiatrist, check the financial documents of the family.
In Russia, juvenile justice consider the threat to the centuries-old family institution. Serious disputes between her fans and opponents do not poke.
The director Nikita Mikhalkov does not hide his position and confessed in an interview: "Juvenile Justice would take away my children if I knew how I punished them."
Famous politician Valentina Matvienko declares: "I am against the introduction of the Institute of Juvenile Justice in our country. I believe that the experience of other states to which the advocates of this institute refers, does not meet the national characteristics, culture of Russia, its peoples. "
Juvenile justice simple words - what is it?
Juvenal Justice (from the Latin words "Juvenalis" - the youth; "Justitia" - justice) - the exercise of justice on the affairs committed by children and adolescents.
The Russian community interprets the concept of juvenile justice (Yuu) in different senses:
- In Naser - Yuu is a separate direction of the judicial system;
- In Wide - Yuu is a combination of legal instruments and mechanisms that exist to ensure the protection of interests, freedoms and the rights of minors who are implemented with the help of state and specialized structures.
For the first time on the special status of children in the judicial system, they spoke back in the 1870s in America. It was a question that applying ordinary punishments to children is inappropriate and alternative measures should be provided. It turns out that the initially juvenile system was supposed to protect minor violators in the face of justice, as well as to contribute to the formation of a special policy of consideration of cases of offenses involving children.
The official concept of Yuu sounds like this: this is a separate direction of the activities of state bodies (courts, correctional institutions, law enforcement services and others), carrying out prevention and justice for minors or against juveniles, including:
- Prevention of crime among both children;
- Socio-psychological rehabilitation of victims of offenses, children and adolescents who committed a crime;
- Social protection of the rights of the child.
The need for the juvenile system is explained by the fact that in modern society there is a terrifying increase in violence against the child from early childhood. Supporters of justice believe that children have the same rights as adults.
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Principles of juvenile justice
A brief list of key principles Yuu:
- At the child and adult equal rights. To humiliate the dignity of children, beat or forced against illegal action is unacceptable.
- The child has the right to personally defend its interests in court, complaining about parents. Justice bodies, in turn, must immediately check how parents relate to children.
- With schools, hospitals, courts and other bodies participating in the juvenile system and institutions should be special social workers, as well as children's psychologists.
In existing systems in other countries, state intervention is excluded. Because of this, the proceedings are tightened for a long time.
Juvenile Justice in Russia
On the territory of the Russian Federation, Juvenal Justice in some form exists from the time of independence. So, most of the rights and guarantees of minors are established in the Family Code. Also, the normative documents on the juvenile system include the law of June 24, 1999 N 120-FZ, which determines the basics of the system of prevention of neglect and crimes among minors, and the Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation of 01.02.2011 No. 1.
In 2009, the post of Commissioner under the President of the Russian Federation was officially introduced. According to 2016, there are 11 compositions of judges specializing in juvenile affairs.
There is no separate law on juvenile justice in the Russian Federation.
Points for and against
Disputes about juvenile justice do not subscribe. She has both an ardent supporters and confident opponents. The meaning of the confrontation lies in the impossibility of a clear interpretation of the objectives and tasks of the system. The adoption of the draft law on Yu will entail many consequences that society is interpreted as the arguments "for" and "against".
Supporters of Yuu make a big bid that in Russia you should introduce juvenile courts and special programs for the rehabilitation of minor criminals. The main reason for this is a high level of crime (every 25th of the total), which are committed by children or adolescents, or with their participation. Such information is presented in the report of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation "The Condition of Crime in Russia" for 2019.
Informing children about their rights, as well as a faithful interpretation of the concept of "breach of children's rights".
A family from Novokuznetsk has passed several court sessions, and all because the child said that the dad "splits". As a result, the father of the family repented, but did not escape punishment. Now he is in prison.
Providing legal rights to children to apply to adults, including parents.
In Philadelphia, the child sued his mother for giving birth to him in this world, full wars and dangers.
The formation of a special department that will be engaged in children and adolescents from a risk group.
|Mandatory informing for all those associated with children (doctors, teachers, educators).|
Introduction of the post of ombudsmen in schools.
Encourability of loss of neighbors, passers-by and other not indifferent.
Creating a separate system of permissions for minors with mitigation of consequences.
Cancellation of the preemptive right of parents to upbringing their own children.
The introduction of criminal penalties for parents for certain types of punishment of their children, including deprivation of parental rights.
An increase in the authority of social services related to children.
Correction of social connections that were violated as a result of a crime of minors or against minors.
Free access of representatives of juvenile bodies in the family with suspicion of unlawful actions against children.
|Attracting for justice over minor special judges, social workers and children's psychologists.|| |
Simplified diagram of seizure children from families.
Entities of Yu will provide examples from European countries in which children withdrawing children allegedly a whole business for the purpose of profit on the sale of live people.
The tendency in the question of child crime is positive (-7.1% compared with the previous year), but the presence of such a number of offenders indicates the imperfection of educational, preventive and rehabilitation measures used in the country. According to supporters of juvenile justice, its introduction will also seriously improve the situation.
Opponents of juvenile justice insist that the controlling authorities will receive unlimited powers and will select children with any suspicion of violation of their rights (for example, an increase in voice). Also, the system is extremely not approved by representatives of Orthodox spirituality, since in religious texts it is often focused on the authorities of parents over children, the responsibilities of children are unquestioned to obey their will.
As examples of the inadequacy of the juvenile system, opponents of justice lead resonant cases. Among them, the case of a Siberian family, in which a man threatens from 3 to 7 years for the fact that he was "overwhelmed" of his minor son. History chronology:
- One of the family relatives wrote a denunciation to the police that his son beat his son.
- At the place of residence, representatives of the guardians and police officers arrived, took the child and placed it in the SRS (socio-rehabilitation center).
- Examination conducted, a minor survey without the presence of a representative from the law.
- The child was returned to the family, and a criminal case was brought to his father.
- The child during the court refused his testimony.
- The proceedings are still underway.
During the investigation, it turned out that there was no beatings. Father as a graduation step was hit his son without harming his health, he confirmed his words in court. Also, the man insists on the fact that he always loved and will love his child, quotes from the Bible are given as arguments.
The opponents of Yuu are confident that the example of this family is indicative: the Father is not a marginal, people live well, and because of the unlimited power of the custody bodies of the feeder can go to the place of imprisonment for 3-7 years. They believe that in the current situation in the country to look for truly "right" and "wrong" no one will.
The law on family domestic violence
The draft law on the prevention of family-domestic violence first came to discuss in the State Duma in 2016. The initiative is explained as follows: in Russia, the protection mechanism for victims of family violence is poorly developed. One of the basic requirements was that violence inside the family becomes the subject of public / private and public prosecution. That is, the victim itself can declare offenses, its representative or witnesses.
The initial version of the project was made critically. Immediately there were opponents of the concept, confident that the law involves the introduction of repressive measures against persons who are suspected of domestic violence. In the same year, the bill was sent to refinement.
According to deputies, promoting the bill, this law will protect women, old people and men suffering from domestic violence. It will also ensure maximum assistance to victims (economic, social, psychological).
With regard to children who have become objects or witnesses of family-domestic violence, no individual standards in the bill are provided. The law is planned to be introduced to protect other citizens of the country, so he has nothing to do with the juvenile justice.
Recommend to consideration of the draft law was decided in connection with two loud affairs related to family violence:
- The case is Margarita Gracheva. In 2017, the spouse cut off her both hands with an ax. Prior to that, the woman has repeatedly appealed to the police, reporting regular beatings from her husband. The reactions from law enforcement agencies were not up to the incident.
- Case sisters Khachaturian. In 2018, the girls killed the Father for being repeatedly beat them, humiliated and raped.
After these events in the State Duma, hearings began to conduct hearings on issues of finalization.
Current option Text The law is published on the Federation Council website at the end of November 2019. According to the most up-to-date data, the recycled project is planned to be paid to the end of January 2020.
Juvenile Justice is a system of state laws, measures and special bodies that protect the rights of children and adolescents. Call Yuu courts for minors - wrong.
Juvenile systems have been successfully applied in many countries in Europe and the United States, in Russia today there are only some of the mechanisms of justice.
Juvenile Justice does not relate to the law on family-domestic violence, which is now at the final stage. The confusion between concepts arises due to insufficient public awareness of their essence and purposes.
Find a compromise in disputes around the problem of Yuu is difficult. The fierce propaganda of activists in the media does not allow to realize the importance and potential of the concept. But the idea of increasing the priority of the tasks relating to the prevention, justice and the rehabilitation of minors explicitly deserves attention.
For juvenile justice in Russia, its opponents most often speak, defining the "juvenile" as a system of controlling families, in which parents have children for the slightest, children (and never give back). In their opinion, it is precisely this that is constantly happening in the United States and Western European countries, where Juvenile Justice adopted at the state level. Meduzacare disassembled, is it so (there is no spoiler), and answers other shameful questions about juvenile technologies.
This article is part of our Meduzacare benefactors support. All materials can be found on a special screen.
What is juvenile justice?
Juvenile Justice is a modern children's justice. It appeared at the end of the XIX century as special vessels for children who committed any crimes. The goal of such vessels is different than that of ordinary justice. The juvenile court comes from the fact that the crime committed by the child is not his fault, but his trouble. Therefore, you need to not blame and punish children, but to change the conditions of their lives, bring up and socialize.
In 2011, the Plenum of the Supreme Court called the juvenile technologies to work with minors who became participants in the trial. Among them: conciliation procedures and mediation (both victims and their own family), social support measures that should rehabilitate a child in society, psychological assistance. In addition, when considering cases for minors, criminal and criminal procedural laws provide special sanctions and procedures: the ability to hold closed court sessions (in order to protect the child from excessive intervention by the media), the obligatory participation of legal representatives, forced measures of educational impact instead of criminal record and t. d.
Juvenile justice is enshrined in most countries. For example, in Greece, USA, Canada, France, Germany, Switzerland and others.
In countries where juvenile technology is developed, juvenile courts are deprived of the deprivation of parental rights?
Different national systems are arranged differently. But, as a rule, juvenile courts are considering criminal cases and other offenses committed by minors. A decision on the deprivation of parental rights is accepted by family or ordinary courts in accordance with family legislation. In Russia, ordinary courts take the decision to deprive parental rights. We do not have any family nor children's courts.
Why do you need juvenile justice if there are ordinary courts?
To work with minors you need to understand the psychology of the child. In countries with developed juvenile technologies, it is not necessary to create separate juvenile courts - sometimes specialists who have specialists who have specialists who have specialized education and training for working with children are working in the most common courts.
Is there a juvenile justice?
There is no such concept in the Russian legal system. Although in fact, juvenile technology exists in Russia for the last 10-15 years. In federal documents, instead of "juvenile justice" and "juvenile technologies" use other terms: "Friendly to the Child Justice" and "Restorative Justice". They are mentioned in the national strategy of action in the interests of children 2012-2017 and the concept of development of mediation services for the implementation of rehabilitation justice (emerged in 2014). True, none of the documents are law - it is only recommendations.
It was necessary to change words in the documents, because in Russia there is a powerful anti-investment movement, which understands the juvenile justice as a system that takes children from the blood parents for the slightest guide. At some point, the movement has become so strong that the concept of juvenile justice has ceased to apply at the official level.
In 2009, the Public Center "Judicial and Legal Reform" created the All-Russian Restorative Mediation Association, which includes about 30 regions. According to the monitoring of the Center, in 2018, seven regions of Russia applied programs for restorative justice in criminal cases of minor crimes: Perm region, Arkhangelsk region, Altai Krai, Kemerovo region, Tomsk region, Chuvash Republic and Republic of Tatarstan. In much greater regions, similar programs are applied in affairs on other offenses: the social and dangerous acts of children under the age of criminal liability, and administrative affairs. The addressed courts that are not in monitoring, for example, in the Lipetsk and Sverdlovsk regions also work in this direction .
How does this "restorative justice" work?
Within the framework of this approach, judges work in cooperation with the Commission on Minors, reconciliation services and mediators, social services, departments for the affairs of minors of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the guardianship authorities. At the preliminary investigation stage, the Commission on Minors or Courts leave applications for rehabilitation programs. The latter may include both the reconciliation of offenders and affected and complex work with the child's family (if it comes to a crisis family). In any case, rehabilitation programs work not only with a juvenile offender, but also with his environment. The court makes a decision only after the child will pass a replacement program.
That is, in Russia, still there are juveniles who can pick up a child?
No. Of course, children can withdraw from the family, but it has nothing to do with juvenile justice. Although in the regions where restorative justice is used, specialists work not only with children who committed crimes, but also with families - help them save. For example, the Judicial and Legal Reform Center has a family conference program and councils that are engaged in the prevention of social orphanhood.
Why do I regularly hear that in Russia, Juvenile Justice already works - and this punishing instrument?
Because under the juvenile justice, the guardianship authorities are mistakenly understood, and sometimes a commission on juvenile affairs, and the police. This concept is interpreted as they want.
Cases of unlawful seizure of children from families are related to the fact that in Russia the prevention of social orphans does not work well, and the guardianship authorities do not have clear algorithms of work: they have no methods for assessing situations when there is a serious danger to a child, and when it can be left in the family . It is because of this that the number of unlawful seizures of children from blood families increases. You can read more about this in our material.
With the participation of the head of the "Program of Rehabilitation Justice for Criminal Cases" of the Public Center "Judicial and Legal Reform" of Lyudmila Karnosova, lawyers of the Volunteers' Chariter Foundation, Olga Budayeva and Margarita Obetova, Lawyer and Family and Juvenile Law Specialist Anton Zharova
What is juvenile justice, about which they speak so much lately, what consequences and risks are expecting us in the event of this institution in Russia. In these difficult issues, specifically for the "Change One Life" foundation: D Soccer Institute of Practical Psychology and Psychoanalysis Lydia Tikhonovich and Candidate of Psychological Sciences Andrei Suchilin.
Juvenile justice is now criticized not only conservatives, but also liberals. Illustration B177.ru.
A bit of history
Initially, Juvenile Justice (Lat. Juvenālis - Youth; Lat. Jūstitia - Justice) was interpreted as the legal basis of a system of institutions and organizations engaged in cases of enforcement agencies committed by minors. She is believed to take his beginning in the 70s of the XIX century, when citizens of the American city of Boston Cook and Augustus Began to offer to the judges not to apply to minors capable of standing on the path of correction, punishment, but to transfer them to the presence of a guardian supervision authorities.
In July 1899, the first Children's Court was established in Chicago. Then the idea of juvenile justice was developed in the UK, where in 1908 a series of laws on children and young people was adopted. In France, the first juvenal court was established in 1914 on the basis of US experience, and the first juvenile court in Russia acted from January 1910 until 1918, but after the revolution, juvenile ideas were forgotten for long.
It is believed that by now there are several models of juvenile justice in the world: Anglo-American, Continental and Scandinavian.
What is in Russia
In Russia, Juvenile Justice is understood as closest to the Scandinavian model, so its Storonians speak primarily about the issues of "protecting the child's rights" in general and, in crisis families, especially. The Russian version of "Juvenile Justice" suggests not just the introduction of special courts, namely the creation of a whole "juvenile system", allowing the state to oversee the life of juvenile. At the same time, a paradoxically, the universal courts actually, that is, the courts considering the offenses of minors in accordance with other norms than the "courts for adults" - and were not created as a system.
For example, at the round table, "On the experience of the work and the main areas of interaction of public councils in the territorial bodies of the Federal Food University of Russia with administrations of correctional institutions", which took place in Rostov-on-Don in 2007, it was noted: "The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child expressed comments on the latter ( 2006) the report of the Russian Federation on the fulfillment of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. In particular, it was stated that so far at the national level in Russia did not create specialized justice on juvenile affairs, work on rehabilitation, resocialization was not built, to assist minor offenders in returning to normal life in society. "
But the United Nations Committee on the Rights of Children offers countries to adopt the law on juvenile justice primarily in order to liberalize punishment for minors, and not to limit the rights of parents in the family.
The concept of "juvenile justice" and its practice met with us serious resistance and are considered by many parents and experts almost like synonym for "punitive psychiatry" for parents. A lot of different rumors and conversations arise around the juvenile justice. The attitude towards it became very negative when the first attempts were made to "protect the rights of children" from politically unreliable parents in the form of their withdrawal from families, and - often under obviously absurd and contrived pretexts.
For example, they became known attempts to take away children from an independent journalist Galina Dmitrieva in Tolyatti, in the activist "other Russia" Olga Zhukova In Petersburg. Also suffered Victoria Luganskaya , Participant of protest actions in Moscow. Defender leader of the Khimki Forest Evgenia Chirikova told reporters about attempts to remove children from her family and in another environmental activist, Alla Chernyshevoye .
But the story of a woman who did not do any political activity at all, but fell under the rink of juvenile justice. Unfortunately, there are many such cases.
At first, Juvenal Justice caused rejection, mainly in conservative citizens, religious fundamentalists and traditions of traditions, but now many people are already quite liberal parents and experts are also opposed to its introduction.
Interesting the results of the Internet voting, presented on the Newsland website: "For" - 42 votes, and "against" - Total 484.
Against juvenile justice has already conducted several mass shares. One of the latter: a thousand rally, which took place on September 22 of this year in the capital. The organizers of the action are the "Essence" movement and the Association of Parent Committees and Communities. More than 3.5 thousand people went through the central streets of Moscow with the slogans "no juvenile justice!", "Protect your children!"
135 thousand signatures were collected at the rally under the president Vladimir Putin With a request to abandon the introduction of the norms of juvenile justice in the country. Similar shares were approximately at the same time in Kazan, Tomsk, Bratsk, other cities of Russia.
The Orthodox Church officially spoke against the introduction of Juvenal Justice. On the appeal of believers about the danger of the introduction of the juvenile justice system for the blessing of the Holy Patriarch Kirill Chairman of the Synodinal Department for the Relationships of the Church and Society of Archpriest answered Vsevolod Chaplin : "The Russian Orthodox Church shares the concerns of people who fear the creation of actually unsound of the authorities of the Institute with the extensive powers and the possibility of manifold intervention in the internal affairs of any family with children. As a result of bringing the church position on this issue to representatives of the authorities, actions and speeches of the public, an active and uncompromising position occupied by Orthodox believers, as well as followers of other traditional religions, the prospect of approval in the Russian Federation of a full-scale system of juvenile justice is currently not present. "
To be or not to be?
But, apparently, Juvenile Justice in Russia will still be . Probably, the same as in history with the adoption of a group of laws on the commercialization of the budget sector, the entire legal framework for it will be preparing slowly and gradually, carefully and unnoticed.
In fact, almost three years have passed from the adoption of a framework law on paid services of budget organizations (schools, institutes, hospitals, etc.) to the enforcement announced in January 2013, "rules for the provision of paid medical services", approved on October 8 Dmitry Medvedev .
It seems that approximately such a deadline will also be created by the creation of a legal framework for juvenile justice. Moreover, it does not seem likely that its positive - and the main part - will be prepared first. "Juvenal ships", For small regional exceptions, not yet visible and not heard, and that part of it, which is engaged in the "protection of the rights and interests of children" develops quickly and actively .
The law on social patronage has already been adopted, which is actually providing the opportunity for various abuse, causing special concerns from opponents of juvenile justice.