How to grow root celery from seeds: breeding seedlings, agricultural engineering at home

Сельдерей
Celery is famous for its healing properties. It is known for fragrant and juicy root crops. Gardeners and gardeners believe that it is better to grow celery from seeds in their own sector than to acquire purchased vegetables, often containing chemicals, harmful to the human body.

CeleryCelery is famous for its healing properties. It is known for fragrant and juicy root crops. Gardeners and gardeners believe that it is better to grow celery from seeds in their own sector than to acquire purchased vegetables, often containing chemicals, harmful to the human body.

Description and famous varieties

Celery - herbaceous plant. It happens twi-year or perennial. In the world There are about 20 species Celery. In Russia, in the country areas, you can see only a few varieties of greenery related to biennial instances. Roots The plant brings in the first year of life, and in the second it blooms and forms fruits with seeds.

The most common types of celery :

  • Sheet. This kind of known green and juicy leaves, which are cut throughout the summer season.
  • Cherry. This species is practiced not only by summer houses, but also large trading enterprises specializing in the production of greenery. Grow celery to produce juicy pets, which are used in the preparation of various dishes and alcoholic beverages.
  • Root. The plant gives root, which is used in cooking, medicine and cosmetology.

Celery rootCelery grows well and develops in fertile soils and on well-lit areas. But it can be grown in the weakness of the soil and a half, only in this case the flavor of the leaves will change, although it will not affect the yield.

Celery is characterized by good cold resistance. Plant culture is not afraid of frosts and can transfer wintering without losses. At the beginning of its development, the plant is distinguished by slow growth, which is explained by the poor germination of small seeds. For this reason, many dackets choose the cultivation of celery from seed seeds at home.

Plot preparation

Preparation of soilTo get a rich Celery harvest, you need to prepare the soil for its cultivation. Vegetable culture is badly leaving in acidic and poorly drained soils. For her, you need to pick up a deep, rich humus is a drumine earth. The plant is recommended to plant in areas that have been ridiculed during the cultivation of preceding cultures - peppers, cucumbers, tomatoes. Place for celery should be open and well lit by the sun.

Suspensioned navigation or compost contributes to poor soils. Fertilizer has a positive effect on the formation of roots. The mixture with phosphorus content will accelerate maturation and increase the quality of the crop. Potash fertilizers contribute to the accumulation of sugar and starch in the plant, as well as to increase its frost resistance. The missing calcium and magnesium celery will fill out of the ground if limeting under the winter will be conducted. On 1 m 2, 7-8 kg of prebatic manure (or compost), 4-5 g of nitrogen, 10 g of phosphate and 5 g of potash fertilizers are added.

Features Seeding seeds

Disembarking seedsUsually in summer cottages are cultured by root celery. Growing from seeds at home is the optimal solution. When choosing a sowing material, it is necessary to think about the timing of culture ripening. The vegetative period in vegetable can last 150-220 days. Young plants are less resistant to cold, so experts advise to choose to grow early celery varieties. Purchase material for sowing is best in a specialized store. It is necessary to carefully examine the information on the packaging and pay attention to the deadlines.

Seying celery on seedlings follows in the first half of February. The middle of March is the deadline.

Preparation of seedsBefore landing seed material should be prepared . Essential oils contained in seeds make their germination, enveloping them outside and protecting them from external factors. To eliminate this problem, seeds must be placed in a capacity with clean water for 2 days. Liquid must be changed 3 times a day. The treatment of the sowing material is also carried out in such a way: a sheet of paper or a piece of fabric is stacked on a saucer, which is pretty soaked with water. Seeds are uniformly distributed over paper or fabric. The material is placed in the shaded place of a warm room.

Celery cultivation is possible in any containers - wooden boxes, plastic containers, disposable cups or special cassettes.

As a substrate for planting seeds, you can purchase a ready-made mixture or make it yourself, mixing the ferrous ground with peat, humus and cow. You can also mix biohumus with sand in equal proportions. Such earthy mixtures containing the necessary nutrients are the most suitable for herbal culture. The soil should turn out to be loose, moderately wet and homogeneous.

Technology Sowing Seeds simple, but it should be carried out with great accuracy:

  1. Prepared containers are filled with substrate. From the top of the container or box should be left about 2 cm. The top layer of the soil is thoroughly aligned.
  2. With the help of the toothpicks make small grooves with gaps of 3 cm or small grooves according to the 2x2 cm scheme.
  3. The crumpled seeds, completely dried after pretreatment, are sown so that they do not stick together and are evenly located.
  4. The grooves fall asleep with 0.5 cm.
  5. Capacity is covered with film material and transferred to a dark warm room.
  6. Before the appearance of sections, the substrate is moderately moistened with a spray gun.

Semenus sproutedThe first sprouts will appear in 7-8 days. Some daches prefer to sow vegetable culture on the snow. The grooves of 5-6 cm wide are filled with snow, on which seeds lay out. Capacity with sowing material is covered with a glass cover or polyethylene film and rearranged into a warm place. This method is more convenient, as on the white snow, it turns out to position the seeds evenly. Melting water will allow the seed to fall on the optimal depth and will accelerate its germination.

Care for seedy

Grow root celery from seeds is easy if you adhere to certain rules.

SeedlingThe optimal temperature for plant seedlings is considered to be +15 ° C. Although for the grown material it is not always possible to create suitable conditions, but an excellent option will be a light and cool windowsill. When the temperature on the street reaches +9 ° C, the seedlings can be taken to the balcony. With lower indicators, celery is running.

The planting material can only be sprayed, since even moderate watering leads to damage to thin and fragile sprouts. It is necessary to break the thickened crops to get rid of defective copies. Without this measure, seedlings are drawn and weakening.

Prication of sprouts are carried out with the appearance of 2-3 real leaves. The day before the searition of separate containers, the substrate is pouring well. Moofered soil will reduce the risk of damage to the peeing plants. Seedlings are neatly removed from the ground, pouring the main root to 1/3, and planted in separate glasses with a fresh substrate. The deepening of the sprouts are made to the cotyledon. Growth point remains open.

In the future, seedlings are treated with a weak solution of manganese with a spray gun. Furinations in the form of a solution of humate or infusion of bird litter makes every 3 weeks. You can feed the plant with minimal doses of mineral fertilizers.

Landing in open ground

Since vegetable culture is sensitive to cold, seedlings should be planted in an open ground in late May to avoid returnable freezers.

Celery on G CryankaFor celery, it is necessary to choose the right neighbors. It can be placed next to the white cabbage, which stimulates the growth of herbaceous plant. Good neighbors for greenery will be tomatoes, bush beans, cucumbers, spinach and salad. Celery should be far from corn, parsley, carrots and potatoes.

Planting seedlings make a cloudy glad day. Under these conditions, the plant will be easier to adapt in a new place. Seeding landing occurs according to the 30x30 cm scheme. Growth point should be located at the ground level. With a strong shutback of the roots, the lateral roots are possible, and the fruits can get small, bug and not as juicy.

At night, plants are covered with protective material. To do this, use white agrofiber, perfectly protecting from cold. Instead, it is possible to use plastic bottles, cut across, but in this case each sprout will have to be neglected separately.

Growing in beds

Celery needs abundant irrigation. Even due to the insignificant drying of the soil, the taste and the size of the root crops can change. Watering the plant is necessary under the root. Stable soil moisture should be maintained throughout the summer period.

2 weeks after landing in the open ground for the plant, a nutrient means is made in the form of a herbian infusion. To do this, use fresh nettle, chamomile or a socket: 2/3 of a plastic tank or a wooden barrel fill the greens, which is poured with water. Capacity is closed with a lid and put wander in the sun. Every day, the contents are thoroughly stirred until the foam disappears from the surface. The finished fertilizer is bred by water in a 1: 9 ratio and contribute to the soil.

After 7-8 days in the soil add a bird litter or infusion of a cowboat. In July, apply feeding from superphosphate. Experienced gardeners and gardeners are recommended during the ripening of roots to use a solution of boric acid as a fertilizer.

Vintage celeryFor celery, it is necessary to carry out loosening, but often do not need to make this procedure. Ruff beds follows every 2 weeks until the plants grow. The culture is not carried out, because so you can lose the crop. When the root is thickened, it is necessary to cut a little excessive land so that the side roots do not grow up and damage the juices from the center of the plant. If under the soil layer, the roots began to move to the sides, they can be safely trimmed with a knife or a secant.

In early September, the foliage from the side should be deleted. On the bushes only leaves growing vertically. Roots are collected in early October. Since celery sits in the ground very tight, its tender skin is often damaged when harvesting is harvesting, which reduces the heap of the vegetable. It is possible to avoid this problem if the soil collapsed before harvesting the ground.

Possible diseases and insect pests

C under compliance with agrotechnics of celery is not subject to disease. In violation of the rules of vegetation culture, problems arise with the growth and development of plants.

Green vegetable may affect the following diseases and viruses :

  • Bacterial spot;
  • White rot;
  • Viral mosaic;
  • Heart-shaped rot;
  • Blackleg.

You can prevent the development of diseases only in compliance with Celery Growing Norms. With timely watering, moderate moisturizing of the Earth, rarefied landings and removing weed grass, you can achieve a healthy growth of culture and rich crop of juicy root root. It must be remembered about vegetables grown next to celery. Some of them can negatively affect herbaceous plant.

Diseases can dismiss and insects. When the scoop, the larvae of carrot flies, snails and sludge beds with celery should be immediately treated with insecticides.

Celery landing timeCelery - a biennial or perennial vegetable plant from the umbrella family. It is appreciated for the pleasant taste and a specific spicy fragrance. There are about 20 wild species, but at Dachas, they mainly grow one species - odorless. Gardeners prefer to choose a two-year grade, giving green mass and root, in the second year - seeds. Few know how to grow celery from seeds, despite the seeming simplicity.

Types and varieties of plants

Before switching to step-by-step instructions of growing agricanners, it is worth understanding the types of growing. There are 3 main categories:

  • How to sow celery seedsSheet - forms a fairly thick socket consisting of 100 and more leaves. Quickly grows again after cutting. He shoots elongated and thin, length from 60 cm. Not so common in gardening, as it does not form root crops. Varieties: Cheerfulness, Samurai, Spartan, Zakhar, Cartuly, gentle.
  • The cherry is a vegetable with thick and juicy sweets, up to 4 cm in the context with a height of 40 and more see. Green is growing not so intensively as the previous representative. There are no more than 20 leaves in the bush. Stems cylindrically concave shape. The most popular varieties are considered: Pascal, Golden, Malachite, Tango, Triumph, Aelita.
  • The root is characterized by quite large rounded roots. By the time of full ripening, they gain weight about 700-800 grams. Popular hybrids: Delicates, Globe, Mushroom, Diamond, Egor, Esaul, Zvindra, Apple.

Along with the main species, there is an extensive range of hybrids. Everyone is good in its own way, with an individual taste and appearance. They are divided by ripening time on early, middle-air and late.

Celery cultivation in the country

How to sow celery seedsRegardless of the species, celery, cultivation and care in the open ground is practically the same type, with the exception of some moments. Everyone loves the abundance of light, as well as enriched and breathable soil. The medium is preferable neutral or weakly acid

A small shadow of particular harm to the plant will not cause, rather, on the contrary - the leaves acquire a more rich fragrance. The landing site is prepared in advance. Under the winter, they plow with the enhancing organicities (humoring), and in the spring re-pumping and make a bed.

Early varieties can be immediately attached to the open ground at the beginning of spring, and for later apply a seed basis. It is important to initially choose the sowing material of extremely good quality.

Root and stem celery in the cold regions, in particular in the Urals and in Siberia, it turns out to grow only through the preliminary preparation of seedlings at home or in a greenhouse.

Growing seedlings

Celery cultivationSit into separate mobile containers and contains from spring on the windowsill or heated balconies. Just because of this method, it is possible to obtain spicy greens in extremely early deadlines, and in the future - large roots and fleshy stiffs.

To sow celery seeds, at first they are soaked in a manganese solution about 2 days, then it will be easier for them from under the layers of the Earth. You can germinate on a moistened marlay. This is due to their excessive minority.

How to grow celery from seeds, you can see the table:

View Growing process
Sheet The celery leafy varieties will endure cold, so many experienced gardeners immediately plant seeds into open ground. Do it as soon as it is established steadily warm spring weather. But the best result is possible to achieve across seedlings. Preparation is started in early March. Empty soil buy ready-made or making themselves, mixing peat, humid, sand and squeezing ground in the same ratio. Seeds are uniformly distributed on the substrate without strong drowning. From above, fall asleep with a thin layer of peat and watered by a manganese or dissolved organody. Cover the film to create greenhouse conditions. Further care implies: daily ventilation, removal of the accumulating condensate and watering. Optimally maintaining the temperature in the range of 19-25 ° C. A week after sowing, it is lowered to 17 ° C. To accelerate germination, artificial illumination is installed. With the advent of the first two strong leaves, a dive is made with simultaneous pinching of the central root. Such a scheme improves its growth. Approximately 10-14 days before the transplantation on the street, the seedlings begin to order. Transplant in April-May.
Stem For celery of tuberous cultivation and care is almost similar to sheet. A small difference is in the rules of transplant to open ground. When sowing the seedlings of this type of celery, the seeds are drowning deep, centimeters by 10-12. The base of the neck is also left on the surface, the earth does not fall asleep.
Koreh Root celery and its cultivation and care have a number of specific features. It is suitable only a seaside method, which is associated with the long seasonal period - from 150 to 180 days. Seeds sow at home in early February. Pre-conducted stratification: wrapped in crude fabric for 7-8 days, then shifted in the refrigerator for another 10 days. For planting mixed ground and humus in equal proportions. During the two days before the planned sowing shed soil by manganese. In narrow grooves lay seeds at a distance of 7-9 cm and fall asleep. Covered with glass. All the time, as long as they will germinate, remove the glass for ventilation daily and remove the accumulating drops of water. Initially, the temperature is kept at 24 ° C, further decrease to 18 ° C. Nearby install fluorescent lighting lamps, as in February there is still a short light day. Unlike previous varieties, this requires a double dive. Do not forget to pinch the main root for a third of the total length. Seared landings gently not to injure roots. Otherwise, as a result, multiple minor roots will grow, unsuitable for use. For large fruits, everything is better not to cut the green component.

Landing care

When planting celery, the root neck is left open, otherwise seedlings will figure it out. It is easy to care for celery:

  • How to grow celeryIt is important to loosen the roar zone in a timely manner and remove weary grass.
  • It is regularly watered, but moderately so that there are no stagnant phenomena. It is unacceptable formation on the surface of a dense earthen crust, which is bad for the plant.
  • It is recommended to mulch the beds so that the moisture is not so intensively evaporated.
  • Collecting sheet crop falls for July-August

After complete adaptation on the garden of Cecher Cells, the plant is plunged and repeated this procedure several times for the entire growing season. it Allows you to get beautiful white stems with a delicate structure and more rich taste. That is why the specific mustard mustache disappears with such a reception.

Similar results are achieved in another way: 2 weeks before cutting, the petioles are associated with a dense beam and envelop with newspapers. Shortly before the first frosts collect harvest. Care implies: watering and loosening. Fertilizer contribute every 2 weeks. Organic or herbal additives are preferred.

The seedling of the root spices, moved to the garden, prefers a reasonable watering and organic feeding. In order to grow round the shape of the root plant, the land around it from time to time is heated in height. At the final stage, the leaves are flexing to the ground or break down. Common care is not much different, only can not be dipped. Collected in October.

Transplantation

Landing celeryThe correct period for transplanting seedlings to the garden - mid-May, when the soil warms up and stop the night frosts. Choose a sunny and dry day. It is desirable to plant on the illuminated place, you can with a little shading. To save space, many gardeners are seated with celery between the rows of other vegetable crops.

On the prepared garden, narrow shallow grooves with an interval of 20 cm are broken. Fall asleep in them cow litter and wood ash. The bushes are distributed at a distance of 30 cm. The sprouts are removed from the pots neatly, together with an earthen room, after divided into several parts. No strong blowout required so that the active side growth of the root . Then tubers face a beard, which negatively affects the quality of the vegetable.

After the procedure, the soil is abundantly wetted and treated with Tri-Khoderminon preparation. Until June, seedlings are recommended to cover with a film. The first time feed the potash-phosphoric fertilizers 10-14 days after disembarkation. After 7 days repeat. Upon paladia, foliage is additionally shed by diluted by manganese, divorced in a ratio of 0.5 grams per liter of water.

Regardless of the type, by October celery is fully ready for the collection. Pull off the roots from the earth with hands undesirable. Let's push them with forks, then pulling carefully for the bush itself. They dry outdoors and remove for storage at the basement.

Diseases and pests

In the absence of timely preventive treatment with fungicides and insecticides, it is possible to lose the crop from pests and diseases. Such risk is observed throughout the growing season.

Inherent Celery Diseases:

  • How to sow celery seedsBacterial spot - the leaves become yellow, and the bottom begins to rot and soften;
  • White rot - Harridge root.
  • Viral mosaic - yellowish patterns appear on the sheet plates, gradually increasing in volume.
  • "Black leg" is a bacterial disease at which black spot occurs on the leaves. She, in turn, merges and over time passes into the stuffs.
  • The bottom of the base and the middle part of the stem - in the zone of the root cervix and above the whiteness is growing, which leads to the death of the plant.

To prevent the catastrophe, it is necessary not only to regularly resort to preventive measures, but also to properly care for landings.

Celery seedsInsect pests represent no longer danger: snails and slugs, carrot flies, scoops. They save spraying by systemic insecticides, suitable, for example, agroverin, phytodener. Well protects celery from such attacks Neighborhood of other vegetables and plants. In general, this vitamin greenery is endowed with a strong immunity. Sometimes it is compared with weed, it is so living.

Celery is valued not only for the benefit and taste, but also for universality to use. It is added to salads, frozen. Fresh greens and cutters crumble into various dishes, which significantly improves their taste indicators and gives a unique fragrance.

In addition to cooking, it is widely used for therapeutic purposes. Helps for diseases of the kidneys and liver, the urogenital system. Positive acts on the nervous and cardiovascular system. Juice is used to outdoor treatment of damage to the skin. With regular use you can get rid of allergies. And it is simply to grow this plant, since no special skills and deep knowledge is required.

How to grow celery seedlings?

How to grow celery from seeds at home

The cultivation of Celery seedlings at home may differ from the variety of this plant, the characteristics of a particular variety.

Celery varieties for landing

In climatic conditions, celery is grown as a two-year-old plant, a number of varieties are suitable for landing as an annual. Culture is represented by several species that differ in the peculiarities of the bush and development, taste and culinary purposes.

Main types:

Sheet

Applies only for growing fresh leaves. They are used to prepare seasonal salads, frost and drying. When landing in warm regions, the harvest can be obtained several times over the summer;

Cherry, or stem

It is grown only for a cut of fibrous cuffs. Harvest harvest is carried out at the end of summer. Celery of this type is suitable for the preparation of garnings, various billets. Does not lose beneficial properties after heat treatment;

Root

A bush has a powerful and long root, the plant is grown as a two-year-old culture. During the first season, it forms a leaf outlet, the root system develops for the second year.

The bush is weak, the foliage is small and has an acidic taste. Vintage is suitable for long-term storage. Celery is used for consumption in the fresh form, preparation of various conservation.

When choosing a type of celery for landing in the open soil, the climate in the region should be taken into account, as well as the quality of the soil. The cherry species is suitable for growing only in areas with a warm climate, fertile and nutritious soil.

Selection of grade for growing

There are several dozen varieties and hybrids of this culture. They differ in maturation, stability, feature of the formation of a bush and taste. The table shows the popular varieties, purpose and period of vegetation.

Name Ripening time Type of celery
Albin Mediterranean Root
globe Rannoveful Root
Delicacy Mediterranean Root
Zakhar. Mediterranean Sheet
Cartuli. Midhranny Sheet
Tender Midhranny Sheet
Tango Middle Power Cherry
Malachite Midhranny Cherry
Gold Midhranny Cherry, self-winning

When to plant on seedlings?

Celery cultivation is a seedy method allows you to speed up the ripening process, as well as strengthen the immunity of young plants. In three types of culture, it is recommended to plant on seedlings from the first half of March.

For sowing, a general container is used with the subsequent chipping seedlings into individual pots. The transplantation to open ground can be held from the second half of April in the regions with a warm climate, in the north it is desirable to wait for the first decade of May.

Air and soil by this time should warm up to a stable temperature in the range of 8-12 OS. To avoid dive in the threat of sharp heat drops, recurrent spring frosts.

Selection of places and tanks

Quality lighting is a key factor for developing celery sewls. It should be prepared in advance for the content of seedlings. A wide window sill with southern or eastern side of the apartment is suitable.

It is recommended to immediately install a luminescent lamp or phytolamp to make up the sprouts.

The cultivation of seedlings will require a general tank for sowing, as well as individual cups. N.

Extra gardeners Practic to picking shoots to peat pots, which facilitates the process of subsequent transplant to a permanent place. For sheet and cherry celery, the height of the tank capacities does not play, for the root it must be at least 12 cm.

Preparation of seeds

Celery planting material is distinguished by small size and insufficient germination. Seed stratification is one of the main stages of pre-sowing preparation.

Step-by-step work algorithm:

  1. Sort the seeds, leaving only strong and externally healthy copies.
  2. Place them on a wet marla or napkins, leave for 6-7 days at room temperature.
  3. Once again moisten material for storage, put in the refrigerator for 12-14 days.

As a result, the seeds must soften, start germinate. Before starting sowing, it is recommended to disinfect for 5-10 minutes in 1% heatman solution, carefully dry.

Preparation of soil

Celery, regardless of the species, unpretentious to the quality and composition of the soil. But the substrate fertilizes and enriched with minerals enhances the growth of seedlings, reduces the risk of pulling and reinforcing the roots.

For the cultivation of seedlings, you can use the ready-made store soil for farm crops. Experienced gardeners are recommended to prepare the soil for seeding themselves.

To do this, you need to mix garden land, peat, humid and sand in the 3: 2: 1: 1: 1 proportion. To enhance fertility for every 10 liter of the substrate, add 20 g of urea, 200 g of wood ash.

After mixing all components, the soil should be treated with a manganese or steam for the prevention of infection with fungal and bacterial infections.

How to plant seedlings at home?

The process of planting seeds to seedlings is the same for sheet, cherry and root celery.

Before starting work, it is necessary to prepare containers, soil, as well as to conduct a full cycle of seed stratification.

Step-by-step sowing algorithm:

  1. In the bottom of the total capacity to lay a layer of drainage to 7 cm thick. Fill the entire volume of fertile soil.
  2. Abundant moisten the soil with a spray gun. Raise the surface to a depth to 2 cm.
  3. Stir seeds with small river sand. Uniform and thin layer pour it on the surface of the soil.
  4. Pour the planting water temperature. Cover the capacity with a transparent film or glass.

To appear shoots, the temperature should be maintained at 18-22 ° C. Celery seeds board unevenly, sprouts can appear from 10 to 16 days. After that, it is necessary to remove the conditioned material, as well as lower the temperature to 13-16 ° C.

Care

Celery seedlings develop very slowly to grow young plants take up to 2 months. The growth rate and the health of germs largely depends on the proper care and maintenance of the optimal microclimate in the room.

Recommendations for leafy, cherry and root celery:

  1. It is necessary to provide high-quality scattered lighting, the duration of the daylight is 8-10 hours per day.
  2. You can not allow drying and stagnation of liquid in the soil. Watering is carried out by spraying every 2-3 days. Water should be stood, heated to room temperature.
  3. It is permissible to carry out the feeder when the first pair of leaves will be formed. It is best to use a mineral complex composition in a liquid form. Fertilizers contribute no more than once a month.
  4. To strengthen the aeration of the soil, it should be loosened after each watering. The procedure must be carried out very carefully, trying not to damage the sensitive roots of the plants.
  5. 2-3 weeks before transplanting to the ground, it is necessary to start hardening seedlings. To do this, the container or pot with seedlings take the balcony or the street. The procedure time increases gradually from 5 minutes to 4-5 hours.

Picking in individual containers is desirable to carry out when 3-4 of the present leaflet will be developed. Plants are carefully digging with a wooden blade, tolerate together with a lump of the Earth in a pot.

Immediately after that, it is recommended to conduct watering and making fertilizers. The transplantation on a permanent place can be carried out if there is a minimum of 5 leaves on the sprouts, the height of the stem must be in the range from 5 to 10 cm.

What if the seedlings stretched out?

The main problem with growing celery of any type is the drawing of seedlings.

This leads to the active growth of the stem, but slowdown in the development of the root system. As a result, the young plant is poorly rooted when transplanting may die due to supercooling, mechanical damage, fungal disease.

The main factors affecting the drawing of seedlings:

  • non-compliance with sowing time, too early landing of seeds;
  • disadvantage of indoor lighting short daylight;
  • increased or reduced air temperature;
  • constant moistering of soil, stagnation of water;
  • deficiency or oversupply of mineral fertilizers;
  • Launches of landing.

If the seedlings stretched out, you need to normalize the microclimate in the room as soon as possible. The air and soil temperature should be optimized, ensure uniform and prolonged lighting of seedlings.

In addition, watering mode should be adjusted, making feeding. Experienced gardeners are recommended when stretching celery shoots, immediately transplanted sprouts into separate containers, which simplifies the process of care of young plants.

To obtain a rich harvest of valuable leaves and Celery's roots, it is recommended to land just on a seed basis.

Agrotechnics of cultivation and sowing technology in the early stages is practically no different for all kinds.

It should be remembered that when working with sweet, root and sheet varieties in the open soil, it is important to take into account the peculiarities of the plant growth and its life cycle.

A source: https://rasada.info/selderey/rasada-vyrashivanie-doma.html

How to grow root celery from seeds - Rules of growing

How to grow celery from seeds at home

Celery is famous for its unique useful properties.

He is a good assistant in the treatment of diseases such as anemia, disorders of the nervous system, diseases of the cardiovascular system and the gastrointestinal tract, renal and liver failure, skin diseases.

Celery normalizes the metabolism in the body and warns early aging. This plant is known as the most powerful aphrodisiac, as it enhances the passion and sexual attraction, and also stimulates the male sexual potential.

According to these properties, celery is not inferior to expensive foreign preparations - Aphrodisiak. Only the seeds of this wonderful root dentition of a decent penny. How to properly grow root celery from seeds, will be detailed in detail in this article. But first we will understand what kind of root the root should be chosen.

Three types are distinguished: cherry, root and leaf. Celery type does not affect its useful properties. Roots are rich in various mineral salts (salts of magnesium, calcium, sodium, potassium), as well as vitamins (C, B, B2, RR, K).

A feature of celery is the presence of an aggressive smell caused by essential oils in its composition. Such a property is not everyone likes, so it is worth stopping your choice on growing species with the smallest content of essential oils.

So, leaf celery is the most odor, and the root, on the contrary, the least.

Varieties of celery seed varieties

The selection of celery varieties is very responsible. It is necessary to take into account the conditions of cultivation and the desired result. Selection in recent years has made a huge jerk in its development. An incredible number of new types of animals and plants was derived.

Celery breeders also did not sentence themselves and removed several improved varieties. How to grow root celery without a beard? What is a beard at all? The fact is that sometimes celery begins to form numerous small roots.

To this not happen, it is necessary to choose the right variety, competently dive the seedlings and water to water. There are still on sale seeds of old celery varieties like fungi and apple. However, keep in mind that the fruits of these varieties do not grow more than 200-300 grams, as well as they have a complex root structure.

We advise you to pay attention to the variety Diamand and similar to it, which gives a very large (up to 800 g) and neat harvest. Also positive feedbacks have such varieties like Maxim and Paris giant. How to grow root celery at home? Celery seeds require preliminary preparation before landing.

For this, they are poured with water and change it every 6-8 hours about 3-4 times. Celery grows long enough. But thanks to this processing, you can speed up the process of extension of seeds for about 7 days.

In the southern territories, the process of planting celery is simplified as much as possible. Celery is growing about 200 days, which warm edges can provide him with interest. For residents of colder regions, there is also a way out: planting seedlings.

For residents of cold areas, this, of course, does not cause special difficulties, since the practice of growing seedlings here applies to many other cultures. Optimal to do the preparation of seedlings in February.

As mentioned earlier, the seeds are pre-marked, and then planted in separate cups or cassettes. We advise to throw 3-5 seeds to throw 3-5 seeds and, instilled, not to digest, so that the sprouts make it easier to break into the world.

After seedling germinate, select the strongest borsk and unnecessary remove. How to grow root celery seedlings?

Since celery is growing at least 150 days, his cultivation causes a lot of hassle. Celery cultivation using seedlings allows you to collect a decent harvest of this plant. The best period for planting root celery seedlings is the end of winter.

Consider that seedlings are required about 2.5 months for growth. Seedlings for leaf celery are usually planted at the beginning of spring. However, it is worth noting that it can be raised without seedlings, planting seeds into the ground immediately.

In celery seeds, a very high content of essential oils that greatly slow down the process of their germination. Sometimes the period of germination of seeds, especially if there is an insufficient level of humidity in the soil, it is tightened to 20-25 days.

In this regard, before landing, it is necessary to pre-process seeds and germinate them.

Seeding

For seeds of cuff and root celery, two effective preliminary preparations are commonly used. In the first case, they are subjected to the process of bubbling - processing in water with a temperature of 20 ° C, saturated with air within 24 hours.

After bubbling, the seeds are disinfected with a single percent warman solution about 45 minutes at 18-20 ° C. The seeds are then rinsed well in clean water and finally can be used for sowing. In the second embodiment, the seeds also disinfect with a single tarring mortar of approximately 45 minutes.

Then wash in clean water and again soaked in a solution of "epin" by about 18 hours at a temperature of 18-20 ° C. The solution of "epin" is prepared in the proportion of 4 drops of the drug for 1 cup of water. After processing this solution, seeds are ready for sowing. It is necessary to strictly observe the sequence of actions in both options.

In order to germinate the seeds, they are carefully distributed on the moistened tissue and leave so at room temperature.

Care for seedy

Home The most convenient to place seedlings on the windowsill. For the seedlings of seedlings in sowing trays, the soil mixture of the turf soil, low peat and humidia, mixed with large river sand in the ratio of 1: 3: 1 are prepared. To increase the nutrient properties of this mixture, urea is added to it (1 tsp for bucket) and wood ash (1 cup on a bucket).

After the seeds sprouted, they are turned around, choosing those that with one seedlings. Next, they are mixed with sand and laid out in sowing trays with a moistened soil mixture. Optimally lay out seeds in a row, observing the distance between the rows of 3-4 centimeters. So that they grow faster, they need free air access.

Therefore, the seeds are only slightly poured with a sieve with moistened sand. The tray must be covered with film and put in a warm place. It is necessary to follow the moisture content of the soil in the tray and timely spray with a hand pulverizer with warm water. Water should not be cold, and also unacceptable excessive humidity, since the young stems can blame.

While the sunrises appear, the film is not removed, and trays are in very warm places (22-25 ° C).

When sprouts appear on the surface, the film must be removed and move the tray into very lit, but cool (not more than 16 ° C), as a rule, it is a windowsill. A little more than a month seedlings grows very slowly.

After about 25-30 days, shoots need to be switched in such a way that there is a distance of at least 4-5 centimeters between them. Or shoots can be transplanted into separate pots (6 × 6 cm), cups, as well as to a greenhouse or greenhouse. Important condition - the soil should be a thickness of more than 10 centimeters.

You need to transplant germs carefully, prevent the root of the roots and instil the growth point, as this can slow down the growth of the plant. Extremely carefully contact the main root, do not allow its damage. This can lead to the formation on the fruit of an inesthetic branched root system.

When transplanting shoots to a greenhouse or a greenhouse, it is necessary to observe the distance between the rows of 5-6 centimeters and 4-6 centimeters between the plants.

After planting, the plants are watered and covered with moistened paper for blackout for 2-3 days. At this stage of growth, the optimal temperature is 15-16 ° F, and 11-12 ° at night. Next, the soil is regularly fried between the rows, it is poured and fastened. For the first time after transplanting, the adord is used in about 10-12 days.

To prepare a solution for feeding 1, a teaspoon of nitroposki is divorced in 10 liters of water. On one plant watered 2-3 tablespoons of the resulting solution. In order for the leaves of the plants, they are not pale, use urea, making it 2-3 times with a break of 10-12 days.

A non-accurant urea bait can lead to burns on the leaves, so after each procedure, wash the urea residues from the leaves with clean water with watering can. Shortly before the transplantation in the open ground, the plants teach to street air, pulling out trays on the street during the day, and then at night.

After about 2 months on plants, 4-5 leaves appear on plants, and they become ready for a transplant to open ground.

Seedlings are starting to teach to the open air about 5 days before the disembarkation, and a few hours before the landing, plants are well. It is best to plant seedlings in the soil on May 5-6. If the weather is favorable, an earlier landing is possible. The sooner you land the seedlings, the greater the likelihood that you will get a big and high-quality harvest.

However, for early plants, there is a danger of severe blossoms of plants, which will pernicably affect the crop. Seedling should not be in the trays for too long, but also weak seedlings will not be able to bring good fruits. Finished for transplant is seedlings 12-15 centimeters high, having 4-5 sheets and strong roots.

The above describes the easiest way to grow root celery from seeds.

Landing in open ground

As mentioned earlier, the plants are considered ready for landing into the ground in about 2 months, when the height reaches 12-15 centimeters, and 4-5 leaves are formed on the stems. A few hours before the landing in the seedling bed is good.

Usually seedlings are planted on May 5-6. It is very important that it is not overwhelmed in the trays or has been faster, it directly affects the quality of the harvest. Immediately before landing, in order to make it easier to pull out the seedlings from the trays, they again watered.

How to grow root celery?

How to put on the ground

For root celery, the beds are formed in such a way that there are 40-50 centimeters between the rows between the rows. For sheet and stem beds are made every 30 centimeters, and there are 15-20 centimeters between the plants.

It is allowed to plant celery among the beds of other vegetables, such as potatoes, onions, garlic, etc. In each fifth, the soil seedling is mixed with a small amount of ash and humus. Each seedling is deepened in a hole until the seedy knee, then the soil is attached and faded well.

For the first few days after disembarking in open ground, plants need to be protected from bright sun using paper.

Celery Growing in Ground

Caring for cereals, root and leaf celery has some differences. But common for all species are soil loosening, mulching, weeding, watering and in some cases protection against pests and diseases. To prevent a sharp loss of moisture with the soil and the appearance of crusts on it, the beds are covered with sawdust, peat or bevelled grass.

Cherry and stem celery also need to be dipped 20 days before harvest. Due to the dip in root, the number of essential oils with an unpleasant smell decreases, a bitter taste is weakened, the stiffs are whiten.

In order to get the largest root celery root roots, in mid-July, the root is cleaned from the soil, the side roots are removed, and the leaves are pressed as much as possible to the ground. Do not worry about broken leaves, this procedure is beneficial to the root.

When collecting crops, the cherry and root celery is removed entirely, and the root system of leaf celery can be saved to grow at home in winter. To do this, until the cold, the root system is digging out of the soil along with the soil and placed in the pot.

How to water

It is important for celery good humidity, so it is poured abundantly: per week for 1 sq. M. It accounts for 20-25 liters of water. Soil should not be overpower. On hot days, the plants require daily watering. Watering celery needed under the root.

How to feed celery

To ensure a good harvest, plants need to be filled for the summer 4 times. About how to make the seedlings, was described in detail earlier.

7 days after the seedlings of the seedlings in the open ground, the plants are embedded with infant of herbs. After 20 days after disembarking in the soil, the soil fees the infusion of chicken litter or cow.

At the end of July, a plot with plants is filled with superphosphate (30 g per square meter).

If you observe all the rules of cultivation described above, at the right time you will get a wonderful harvest of the useful root root. The question of how to grow root celery in the country, should no longer seem difficult.

http: //.ru/author/39274/anna-beletskaya.

A source: http://h-sw-h.com/landscape-design/flowergarden/kak-vyrastit-kornevoy-sel-derey-iz-semyan.html

How to grow root celery from seeds at home

How to grow celery from seeds at home

Why do people acquire the garden? Often for growing colors and obtaining fresh natural food. But the great many variants of vegetables and fruits robs in thought about what it is more convenient to plant, moreover, having benefited.

One of these amazing plants is celery. Its rich composition affects many human systems and on the body as a whole. You can buy a vegetable in the store, but nothing will replace your own - "home" product. Therefore, in this article we will tell about how to grow root celery from seeds at home.

Defining the timing of landing on seedlings

Growing celery through seedlings is the easiest way to get a large number of seedlings in a short period. As for any vegetable, planting root celery in seedlings requires compliance with landing time to obtain a quality harvest. You can define them along the lunar calendar, and you can track the climate of the area. About both ways it will be later.

On the lunar calendar

This method is tested by time and recognized by many gardeners. In the calendar there are favorable days in which it is best to put a landing:

  • February 20-25;
  • 8-10, 19-23, March 27;
  • 5, 7, 9-11, April 19-23;
  • 8-11, 20-25 May;
  • 9-11, 21-23 June.

At the same time, there are unfavorable days, landing in which is undesirable:

  • 14, 15, February 16;
  • 1-3, 16, March 30;
  • 15-17, 29, April 30;
  • 14-16, May 28-30;
  • 12-14, June 29th.

It should be borne in mind that the given numbers are applicable for 2018, at another particular period will be their landing for root celery.

Taking into account the climate of the region

In the southern part of the gardeners begin sowing celery to seedlings already in the first days of February and even at the end of January. For the middle strip, the landing time is moved to about the middle of February. In the coldest regions, the best time to sow Celery - the middle and end of March.

Early grades can be heated by seeds in the open soil, ensuring proper shelter in case of cooling.

In addition to the specified deadlines, it is necessary to pay attention to Celery variety in the acquisition of seeds, since the timing can be much varied.

For example, the "apple" variety allows you to collect a harvest after 90-160 days, and Maxim reaches ripeness after 200 days. Usually features of a particular variety are on the back of a pack with seeds.

In general, it is better to sow from the settlement of the growing season, for our short summer, high-speed varieties are preferred.

Preparatory stage

To successfully grow root celery, it is important to prepare everything from the very beginning to get a strong seedlings at the exit. This is a simple, but an important stage, which predetermining the further development of the plant.

Choosing a place to accommodate crops . Immediately after placing seedlings, the container must be put in a warm dark place. After picking celery, it is better to take a sunny place.

Since during this period the light day is still short - many gardeners acquire phytolamba. The shower is carried out practically around the clock in the first week.

The best location for seedling celery in winter - on the windowsill at home, and with the arrival of heat you can move the young plants to the balcony or veranda.

Cooking soil and tanks . Soil for seed accommodation can be purchased in a specialized store or cook yourself.

To do this, you will need 1 part of the turf land, 1 part of the sand, 1 part of the peat and 2 parts of humus. All this is mixed 2 days before the seedlings are placed, immediately shed potassium permanganate with a warm solution.

A day later, they are already shedding with fungicide to minimize the risk of developing further fungal diseases.

Immediately before landing, the soil is mixed again, it is recommended to make wood ash - 1 tbsp. l. per 1 kg of soil. As for the capacities, you can choose from several options the most suitable.

Celery seed sowing seeds in plastic cups, cassettes, large low containers, wooden boxes, peat pots or pills.

The choice depends on your desire and opportunities, before this you need to get acquainted with the advantages and minuses of each.

Selection and preparation of seeds . The preparation of the soil is half of the success in the landing of root celery seedlings. If you buy ordinary seeds, and not driving, they must first soak. You can do this in different ways:

  1. Seeds are placed in water at 50 ° C and it is stirred for 30 minutes, after which they dried.
  2. Seeds are lowered in warm water in gauze bags, the fluid varies every 4 hours during the day.
  3. In x / b, the seed bags are placed in vodka for 15 minutes, after which they are washed and dried.
  4. Seeds are soaked in clean water for two days.

Such a simple procedure will help remove essential oils from seeds, slowing germination and swelling. After soaking in simple water, the seeds are recommended to soak in 1% warranny solution for half an hour or in biostimulants, respectively, instructions.

You can also germinate seeds (but it is not necessary): In the wet clean cloth, put the planting material with a thin layer and put in a saucer. Constantly monitor the fabric to be wet until the very moment of germination, the seed should come into a week.

How to sow seeds

Seated seedlings at home is actually easy, and step-by-step instructions will give a complete understanding of the necessary actions:

  1. Capacity filled with soil, not reaching the edge of 2 cm (do not forget about drainage or drainage holes).
  2. The chopstick make a shallow groove every 3 cm or small holes on the grid 2: 2.
  3. SEE seeds. It is better to dry them slightly before that, so that they do not stick together and are evenly located.
  4. On top, we ride literally 0.5 cm of soil, covered with a film or glass and remove into a warm dark place.

The crops are regularly moisturized from the sprayer (in the water you can dilute a little growth stimulator), on the appearance of shoots usually takes 7-10 days.

Also, some gardeners prefer to plant seedlings on snow. Thus, dark seeds are better visible, i.e. It is easier to make a more uniform fit.

In this case, the method in the groove is laid in the snow, and already on it seeds, it is not necessary to spray with a soil on top.

Snow melts, lowering the seed material on the desired depth, and thawed water accelerates germination. Seying seedlings at home can also be in the "snail" from polypropylene. On the tape from this material there are soil, then the seeds of about 2 cm from the edge, after which everything neatly rolled into the roll and fixed with rubber bands. Care is the same as for ordinary seedlings.

Picking

Celery seedlings need a dive after the first pair of real leaves. During the day before this operation, the soil is plentiful to reduce the risk of damage to the roots.

Each raptice is gently getting out of the ground, remove the weakest above-ground parts, as they will take the strength. Then pinch the main root for 1/3 and placed in a separate container with fresh soil.

Do not bother the plant completely, it is enough to cover the root.

Do not sleep the soil under the wildests - it will provoke the branching of the root.

Polishing rules

Young seedlings should be regularly ventured and sprayed, but do not overdo it, since the overvailing will provoke the death of the plant. After watering a thin wand loosen the soil to ensure the flow of oxygen to the roots.

Subordinate

Throughout the entire period of growth in celery, it is fed by a solution of humate or an infusion of avian litter once every 3 weeks. The minimum doses of mineral fertilizers are allowed.

Rechazzle seedlings in open ground

To successfully grow root celery, you need to properly plant seedlings in open soil. It is easy, but accurate when working with small seedlings.

The soil is preferably overwhelmed in the fall and make some fertilizers, otherwise it will have to do in spring, 2 weeks before you suggest kids into the ground. Before the disembarkation itself, 1 tbsp. l. Superphosphate and plot a little water in the wells. Celery loves very bright places, so I define it a place without shading and moreover without drafts.

After selecting the place you can transplant the young. To do this, make the wells (landing scheme - mesh 30:30 cm) in a depth of about the lump in which the sprout is located. It is important not to deepen the plant, as it will provoke the branching of the root, it will not be so juicy. Place the seedlings along with a room, plump the earth and sprinkle.

It's easy to care for the root celery, but the first thing you need to know is in no case impulse. It will provoke the root growth in the side, the tuber is ugly flattened and will lose in quality.

But it is necessary to regularly reclaim a little earth from the base, cutting the thin side roots with a sharp knife, the sections are processed with iodine.

As for the leaves, their circumcision will lead to the fact that the root will not cause, so only the extreme leaves should be removed.

Watering, weeding and loosening

The soil in which our pet is growing, you need to maintain a wet not only in summer, but before October to get a juicy large root plant at the exit. Watering necessarily under the root, the water should not fall on the leaves. The aisle is regularly loosened before the foliage is closer from above.

This is a mandatory operation, since for successful development you need oxygen access to roots.

The loose usually in a day after watering, rain, about 5 cm to open the resulting crust. When loaned, the Earth does not turn over, but it is gently lifted. At the same time, large weeds are chosen. Over time, the depth is increasing.

Mulching

Root Celery Agrotechnology does not require the mandatory execution of this procedure, but it is advisable to mulch the soil, as it helps to suspend the growth of weeds and keep moisture in the ground longer. Pop us as wood sawdresses, sins.

Podkord

Celery does not tolerate manure fertilizers, so they need to be excluded. In general, over the summer, it is advisable to bore a nitrogen-containing composition 2 times, more will cause illness.

When seedling will begin its growth in the open ground - celery makes it easier for herbal mortar.

In the process of the formation of the root, the dose of potassium in fertilizers increases, and phosphoric feeders are used for better maturation.

How to deal with pests and diseases

Celery root, despite the fact that the cultivation of seeds implies multistage treatment, may be subject to illness. Among them, malievable dew, cucumber mosaic, password, crowd, churchosposition.

Proper processing and landing in most cases helps to avoid their appearance, but if such a fate is overall, - as soon as possible, remove the affected parts of the plant as soon as possible and processed with suitable means. The bean wave and carrot fly either do not mind to enjoy the plant. You can confuse pests if you mix cultures and plant vegetables in chaotic order. When attacking is carried out by processing insecticides.

The ability to increase the growth can be enhanced if the stems to the ground be hurried before cleaning. It is normal that they crack.

Celery's root is digging as long as possible - let it grow to the first frosts when the tops begins to yellow. This is usually mid October. Before removing abundantly, turn the soil with water.

Kornemplod is twisted for the tops, after which it is knocking on it. Sound sound means that vegetable is suitable for storage.

Usually, the root plant can lie until six months indoors with a temperature not higher than + 3 ° C without any suit and shelters. This article was to help you understand all matters, and now the cultivation of root celery will not seem so difficult even a newcomer.

Pay attention to the main secrets and advice on cultivation, they will help you get a good harvest. As for the benefit, this vegetable accelerates metabolism, positively affects male health, and also reduces irritability and relieves fatigue. The plant is precisely worth it to place it in its garden or in the country.

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Celery sheets: seeding, cultivation and care in open soil, harvesting and storage

How to grow celery from seeds at home

Sheet celery is an excellent addition to salads, first and second dishes, so it is not surprising that many daches grow this vegetable on their sites. However, to collect a good harvest of greenery, it is worth considering the features of sowing and further culture care, which will be discussed further.

Description and Characteristics of Leaf Celery

Sheet celery is the most unpretentious option of this culture, since it is better for the root and cuffs adapts to various environmental conditions. Among the main characteristic features of this plant are small bright green leaves and a well-tangible spicy flavor, so that it is often used to create spices and seasonings.

At the end of the growing season (on average for 150 days) ripen rounded root roots weighing about 200 g with a smooth surface. The pulp of plants perfectly retains its white color, and even after heat treatment. Many grade celery varieties are distinguished by high-resistant shortcut and have powerful leaves.

All parts of the vegetable are rich in calcium, potassium, gland, phosphorus, magnesium and other mineral elements.

They also contain a considerable stock of amino acids, vitamins A, E, C and group B that help to fight various ailments and make a plant with an excellent preventive agent.

First of all, it will be useful for people with the problems of the cardiovascular system and the gastrointestinal tract, the disorders of the nervous system, obesity and diabetes.

Features of cultivation

The process of growing leaf celery is not much different from the cultivation of other species, although many gardeners assure that this vegetable is to grow easier. Whatever it was, it is important to consider a number of important nuances to obtain a good crop.

Terms for sowing

Sheet celery is poorly tolerating the cold, so when it is crushed into open soil, it is necessary to wait until it warms up. In different regions, this process takes place at different speeds, but on average, the seeds of culture close in the ground no earlier than the middle of April or the beginning of May.

Unfortunately, this plant is characterized by slow growth, and it is almost impossible to get friendly shoots, so most often the vegetable is grown from seedlings. At home, seed seeds already since the beginning of March, and in May we carry the grown seedlings on the selected bed.

Suitable soil

The best option for extinguishing seed celery seeds will be a substrate consisting of their equal parts of the turf and humus, with a slight addition of sand. Before sowing it, it is necessary to further displaced with a weak solution of manganese and braid for the best air permeability.

The acidic soils of celery does not like, therefore, on such sites in the ground, it is additionally made of lime, slightly mixing it with the soil (1 m² will need about 0.3-0.5 kg of substance). When sowing seeds in the boxes on the role of the substrate, the soil mixture of leafy land, humidiation, sand and low peat taken in the ratio of 1: 1: 0.5: 0.5 are perfectly suitable.

Preparation of seeds

Preparation of celery seeds to sow envisages almost all the same actions as in the cultivation of other cultures.

First you need to select healthy copies (given the small size of the seeds, it is enough to examine them for the presence of mold), then to displaced them in a weak solution of manganese, for several hours to soak in the growth stimulator, and in the completion of the procedure - to withstand in water room temperature during the day. Important! Try not to reap the seeds in a wet environment. As soon as they begin to swell, you can immediately remove them from the tissue so that the excessive moisture is caused by the reasons. For moisturizing seeds, it is not necessary to completely dip them into the water - it is easy to wrap in a wet tissue and maintain it in such a state within 24 hours.

Before the highest seed seeds, celery is useful to dry and mix with sand (1:10), which will significantly simplify the planting process. The fact is that small seeds of the plant are almost imperceptible on dark soil, so sand in this case will act as a beacon and will help to correctly distribute the sowing material on the garden.

Sowing seeds

When seeding celery seedlings in the boxes, try to observe the sowing scheme of 2 × 2 cm (the distance between adjacent plants in the row and the rows themselves). However, if the landing turns out to be more dense - not scary, because after germs they can be broken, removing the weakest plants.

It is impossible to deepen the planting material in the soil, it is enough to simply decompose it on the surface of the substrate and slightly press the fingers.

From above, you can cover the seeds with a small amount of loose substrate and organize a film (or glass) shelter to create greenhouse effect plants.

Inside the shelter, the air temperature should be maintained at + 19 ... + 24 ° C, then the severitions of celery will seem after 10-12 days. As soon as it happens, the temperature values ​​should be reduced to + 15 ... + 16 ° C.

A source: https://fermer.blog/bok/ogorod/selderey/raznovidnosti-seldereya/listovoy-selderey/4771-vyrashhivanie.html

How to grow celery from seeds

How to grow celery from seeds at home

Having been growing celery in her garden, I did not suspect that different types of this plant are grown in different ways. Therefore, I advise novice vegetables to find out for yourself, for what purpose, this plant you need to grow.

After all, it can be grown and as grass for salads, and like a vegetable. Of more than 20 different varieties of celery, only some have achieved the greatest popularity.

Some types of sweet, leaf and root celery are growing most often. It is obvious from the names, which part of this plant is applied in gastronomy. By the way, cherry celery is used in the production of alcohol. But the root applies also for medical purposes, and even in cosmetology.

Landing leaf culture

Sheet celery seeds have very small seeds and weak germination. In order for them to start germinate, you need a lot of sun. Because of this, they are not plugged into the soil, but only slightly pressed against the ground. In addition, before omitting seeds into the soil, they need to be twisted for 2-3 hours in a pale-pink solution of manganese.

After soaking, seeds lay out over a wet napkin or in a small saucer. After that, they should be covered with glass and placed in a warm place at 20-25 degrees.

The grounding ground is prepared in advance, its composition is this: peat + humid + rebeling leaves + fine crushed stone. All components are taken in equal proportions. The resulting mixture is laid out in cooked plastic or wooden boxes.

To obtain seedlings, seed seeds are necessary in early March. Decuting seeds into cooked containers, they are literally slightly pouted the earth.

Waiting for the seedlings will have about two weeks. The soil is constantly maintained in a moistened state, spraying from a fine pulverizer or pouring water through the pallet.

Boxes before the appearance of sprouts contain at a constant temperature of 17-20 degrees. After the appearance of sprouts, the temperature is reduced to 15 degrees.

It is very carefully necessary to monitor lighting that should not be fluent in time and intensity.

Water sprouts only warm and well-stuck water. Prication of seedlings begin after 2-3 real leaves appeared. By the beginning of May, the seedlings will be ready to transplantation on the ridge.

Open ground care

For planting seedlings to open ground, some training should be done. The grounding ground is usually prepared in advance, since the beginning of autumn. For this, the ridges are deeply dripped and composts are made at the rate: 3-4 kg per square meter.

It is also desirable to enrich the ground with phosphorus compounds (for example, double superphosphate), and with the arrival of the first spring days, add complex mineral feeding (30-40 grams per meter).

Seedlings are planted, not blunting, not falling asleep point.

Plant seedlings at a distance, about 10 centimeters in a row, leaving the distance between the rows of about half a meter, given the future growth of the bushes. Then hold regular breaking of seedlings, removing weaker sprouts.

Due to this, the distance between the plants will be 20 centimeters - when growing sheet and cherry culture. When growing root celery - a distance of 40 centimeters.

Caring for the seedle at this stage - standard. Watering is needed, after which the soil should be slightly, to carry out mulching to avoid the formation of the crust. You need to regularly remove weeds, giving the possibility of seedlings normally develop.

Caring for celery, it must be borne in mind that this plant is very moisture. When watering on each square meter you need at least half-shredded water.

Following this scheme, you can start collecting a harvest by the end of July.

Root Celery

The technology of cultivation of this type of seeds does not differ from growing leaf culture. Difference will be only landing time. Since the growing season is longer - seeds are sown in February. And one more difference: dive to the roots twice.

After planting seedlings in the open soil, feeders are used, contributing to the rapid growth of culture. To obtain larger fruits, you should not tear the leaves from the bushes. The leaves accumulate the necessary organic substances, which are then straightforward into tubers, contributing to enrichment.

Cherry celery

The agrotechnology planting seeds and obtaining seedlings does not differ from the method of growing leaf culture. Differences appear during transplant seedlings in open ground.

The method of cultivation of seedlings at the same time is called bleaching. Seedlings are planted in the groove, blocking for 10 centimeters. In this case, the top kidney is left open. It is starting to impact it only since the beginning of intensive growth, with a noticeable thickening of the stems.

During the growing season, this operation is carried out three or four times, it cannot be neglected because, thanks to the hypothesis of the petiole, they lose bitterness, they acquire tenderness and aroma.

For a couple of weeks before harvest, which occurs with the arrival of the first frosts, the stalks are linked to the bundles and are covered with the sun.

Possible diseases

During the whole period of vegetation, culture is subject to all sorts of diseases, such as: various spottedness, rot, viruses, a black leg. In addition, celery often attack various bugs, worms, snails and slugs. The danger also represents the larvae of carrot flies.

To avoid all these troubles, protect shoots from death and prevent the loss of the future harvest, we need regular preventive work. This refers here:

  • Proper watering, not allowing unnecessary "filling" landings;
  • The right landing of seedlings in the open soil, not allowing excessive sprouts;
  • Timely weeding;
  • the use of spraying chemicals to destroy various larvae insects;
  • Mixed fit with other vegetable crops (planted garlic, potatoes, cabbage)

Some features in cultivation

Curving fertilizers for growing celery, it is necessary to take into account what part of the plant is cultivated:

  • Since in the fresh manure is contained in a large amount of nitrogen, which contributes to increasing the green mass, then it is made under sheet and cherry celery.
  • And for the cultivation of tubers should be made only overwhelmed manure. Phosphoric additives will speed up ripening and improve the quality of the future harvest.
  • Potassium additives will contribute to the increase in sugar and starch in the plant, improve its frost resistance.
  • The need for calcium and magnesium can be fill out, after starting winter, the limestation of the soil in a small amount.
  • Place for planting culture should be chosen on the sunny, open place

Conclusion

The fragrant and very useful celery, which came to us from the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, won a great popularity from our vegetable breeding products. It is successfully grown and as an excellent seasoning to various dishes, and as an independent dish with a special taste and numerous medical properties.

A source: https://sornyakov.net/vegetables/selderej-iz-semyan.html.

Celery: Growing in the garden and windowsill

Author: Natalia. Category: Garden plants Published: Recent Edits:

Celery plantCelery (Lat. Apium) Refers to the genus of grassy plants of a family of umbrellas. The most common vegetable culture of the kind is the celery odorious (lat. Apium Graveolens). Homeland Celery is considered the Mediterranean - there and today in nature you can meet wild forms of this plant. Celery plant grows on the Industan Peninsula, in other Asian countries, as well as in Africa and in America, choosing wet places. Humanity used this culture from ancient times: in the ancient Greece celery grown by a special way, eating extremely cut of leaves. In the other countries of the ancient world, the celery was treated as a sacred plant: in Egypt and the Roman Empire from Celery, made decorations for the grave, and the food prepared from it was remembered by the deceased. The proliferation of celery in Europe occurred in the XVIII century, and at first he was for Europeans. decorative plant, and only after a while, it began to eat it. Currently, the popularity of celery is growing every year.

Celery landing and care

  • Landing: Sowing seeds to the seedlings of root celery - at the end of February, the leafy - two weeks later. Seeding landing in the garden - in early May.
  • Lighting: Bright sunlight.
  • The soil: loose, light and fertile drum or sandy soils of a weakly alkaline or neutral reaction.
  • Watering: Once a week at a cost of each m² of a plot of 20-25 liters of water.
  • Feeding: 4 times for the season: in a seedy period a week after a dive - nitroposki solution; A week after disembarking seedlings in the ground - herbal infusion; After another 2 weeks - a cowboy or chicken litter solution; In late July, a solution of superphosphate.
  • Reproduction: seed.
  • Pests: Celery (borsheve) flies, carrot flies, bean fault.
  • Diseases: Rust, septorize (Late burn, or white spot), churrosposition (early burn), peridosporosis and cucumber mosaic virus.

Details about growing celery Read below

Celery Plant - Description

What does celery look like? Celery vegetable is a two-year herbaceous plant with a height of up to 1 m with a thickened root. In the first year of life, it forms a root, glossy, dark green leaves, and only celery stem is formed for the second year, and by mid-July, the plant blooms greenish-white flowers collected in umbrella inflorescences.

Celery is a cold-resistant and moisture-loving plant, whose seeds are sprouting at 3 ºC, although the optimal temperature for clearing celery seed 15 ºC. The developers that appear are able to move freezing to -5 ºC. The fruit of celery has a rounded shape, it is almost double, with filamentous ribs on each half. In culture, three varieties of celery are grown - root, leaf and cherry, or stem. Today, dill, celery and parsley are the most popular green crops on the garden and on the table.

We will tell you all about the cultivation and care of celery: how to plant celery, how to grow celery, how root celery is being made than the cultivation of leaf celery differs from the cultivation of cushion and how to protect all types of celery from diseases and pests. We hope that the information collected in our article will be useful to you.

Growing celery from seeds

When to plant celery seedlings

Since the vegetation period of celery from 120 to 170 days, it is accustomed to a seaside way. The landing of root celery at the seedlings is carried out in 70-75 days before the landing of the seedlings in open ground - that is, at the end of February, and seed celery seeds are two weeks later.

Celery landing is preceded by the preparation of its seeds. The fact is that the presence of essential oil prevents the rapid swelling and germination of celery seeds - sometimes shoots have to wait until 3-4 weeks. To accelerate the germery seed germination, they need to be barbeated - to hold the day in water saturated with oxygen, then move for 45 minutes in a single-percent heat transfer solution, then rinse in clean water and dry.

There is another way of pre-sowing processing: first, the seeds of 45 minutes are riveted in a one-thoughty solution of manganese, washed and for 18 hours are soaked in a solution of 2 drops of epine in a half pack of water.

Cherry celery

After the processing of celery seeds are scattered with a thin layer on a wet fabric for germination at a temperature of 20-22 ºC, and only when they adopted, they are sowed in boxes with a nutrient soil mixture consisting of one part of the turf of the land, three parts of the low peat, and one part of the humus With the addition of coarse sand. In the bucket of the substrate, you need to make a teaspoon of urea and a glass of wood ash.

As soon as some of the seeds begin to slam, mix all the seeds with sand and drink them in the boxes with a wet substrate in the grooves made at a distance of 3-4 cm one from the other, pour them through the sieve thin layer of wet sand, cover crops with film or glass and glass and Put them in a warm place.

Care for Celery

Shoots begin to appear in about a week. If necessary, moisture the soil in the boxes from the fine waterproof with warm water. The temperature waiting for shoots should be 22-25 ºC, but as soon as the seeds begin to germinate, the coating is removed, and the drawer is transferred as close as possible to the light, and the temperature is lowered to 16 ºC.

The first month and a half seedlings of celery grows very slowly. In the phase of development of one or two real leaves, the seedlings of cereal and leaf celery should be conserved that the distance between them is 4-5 cm, or to dive them into a more spacious container.

Root celery seedlings are peeled along a separate peat-humidiferous pots, while the central root is shortening by a third. When transplanting in the pot, seedlings are immersed in a soil to half of the stepper knee. After diving, the seedlings are protected from direct sunlight with damp paper. At this time, such temperature regime is installed for seedlings: during the day 15-16 ºC, at night - 11-12 ºC.

Growing celery from seeds with a seedy

Growing and care for root celery in the repent period is no different from the care of seedlings or stem species: seedlings need to water and feed, and the ground around them is loose. The first feeding of seedlings are carried out in a week-a half after dive or thinning with a nutrient solution of a teaspoon of nitroposki in a bucket of water at the rate of 2-3 tablespoons per plant. If it seems to you that seedlings have too pale species, spend 2-3 feeding of urea seedlings with an interval of 10-12 days.

So that the seedlings do not receive burns, after feeding, wash with them the nutrient solution with clean water through the sieve. For a week-to-one and aoline to transplant seedlings on the garden, start it to handle it: take out seedlings daily for some time for some time, gradually increasing the duration of the procedure until the seedlings can be on the street around the clock.

Celery cultivation on the windowsill

How to grow celery at home

Landing and care for celery grown from seeds at home, is not much different from the gloring celery seedlings that we have just described. At home, it is possible to grow celery and root - this method is much easier to perform and gives a faster result, but celery grown from seed will serve you longer. You can plant a new root root every 2-3 months or show patience and grow from celery seeds, which will feed you fresh greens for more than a year.

To grow celery from the root, you will need a pot of about 20 cm high, into which it is planted depending on the size of the planting material from one to three roots, the upper part of which should remain over the surface of the Earth. The soil in a pot consisting of one part of the biohumus and two parts of the coconut fiber is sealing and watered. The composition of the soil for celery can be different. Where to get the root plant for landing? Drop in the country or buy in the market at grandmothers. The first greens will appear in two weeks.

Celery from seeds, planted by us in the previous section of the way, will give first greens on the cut only month after one and a half, but you will receive the growth of the greens, and even more. For sowing it is better to take the seeds of the early grades of root celery. After pre-sowing processing, they are sowing them into a wet primer to a depth of 5 mm and covered with glass or film.

Root Celery

Watering celery

Celery moisthed, so in the summer it needs frequent and abundant irrigation. Winter watering should be rare and modest. For soil moisturizing, the water temperature tap water is resistant during the day. Keep a container with celery on the pallet so that you can merge extra water from it.

Celery feeding

So that grown at home celery fed you with fresh greens as long as possible, do not forget to feed it. Once a 2-3 weeks, put a teaspoon of agroxyph into the top layer of the soil or distribute the cap tools in 2 liters of water and water the celery solve once a week. With proper care of celery from the root, it will serve you three to four months, and from seeds - a year with excess.

Landing celery in open ground

When planting celery in open ground

Landing celery in open ground is carried out at the development stage of the seedlings of 4-5 leaves with a height of 12-15 cm, when 50-60 days from the moment of the appearance of germs. 2-3 hours before the transplant of seedlings, they are abundantly watered. The best time to transplant seedlings to the plot is the middle of the first decade of May. Do not abate the seedlings of root celery, otherwise it will be difficult to expect high-quality root roots from it. Before planting, the seedlings are abundantly watered to make it easier to extract it along with a lore of the earth from pots or box.

Soil for celery

Growing celery and outdoor care begins with the preparation of the site. Celery loves loose, lungs, fertile soils of neutral or weakly alkaline reaction. Grocery for celery is located in an outdoor sunny place.

The best predecessors for celery are bean, cabbage, tomatoes and cucumbers, but after such cultures, as dill, parsley, parsnom and carrots are better not to grow celery.

Celery seeds

A plot under celery needs to be prepared from the autumn: the soil is drunk to the depth of the bayonet shovel, distributing on each m² of 3.5-4 kg of humus or compost and 20 g of double superphosphate. In the spring, the ground looser is loosened at the same time, at the same time introducing for each m² of 35-40 g of complex mineral fertilizer.

Landing celery in the ground

How to plant celery in open ground? Root celery seedlings plant at a distance at a distance of 40-50 cm in a row with a row of the same width, and celery stem and sheets are located after 15-20 cm, while maintaining a distance between rows of about 30 cm. You can plant celery between the seams of such crops like garlic , potatoes, onions. To each well, add a persiggent and ash in hand in hand, mix them with the ground and plug when landing each seedman before the seedle knee, then compact the soil around the seedlings and pour the site. After landing, the seedlings are diagnosed from the bright sun by paper for several days.

Celery Growing in Ground

The cultivation of sweet celery and care for it in some moments differ from growing root or leaf celery. In general, you have to perform well-known procedures - mulching, watering, weeding, soil loosening, and, if necessary, processing from pests and diseases. In order to prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture from the soil and the formation of the crusts on it, the sector with celery immediately is covered with a layer of peat, sawdust or bevelled grass.

Three weeks before the cleaning of a cherry, or stem celery, it is highly enchanted by its bushes, which contributes to the whitening of the petios, a decrease in the bitter taste and the content of essential oils with a sharp smell.

Landing and care for celery on the site

If you grow celery root, free in the middle of summer its top from the soil, breaking off the side roots, and the leaves of celery root press to the ground. Do not worry about what they break - the plant does not hurt, on the contrary, this technique contributes to the formation of the maximum large root roof.

When the time comes to collect the harvest, cherry celery, as well as the root, are removed completely, and the celery sheet can be used to distill at home in winter: dig plants with a lump of land before the first cold weather and land them in the pots.

Watering celery

Since celery moisthed, it watering is carried out at the rate of 20-25 liters of water for 1 m² per week. Do not allow soil drying. In drought, you will have to water celery daily. The soil on the bed should be slightly humid. Watering celery is carried out under the root.

Celery feeding

In order for celery to give a good harvest, it is fed four times during the season. You already know about feeding in the seedale. A week after disembarking, celery fertilizes herbal influence, and after two weeks, cowboy or chicken litter is carried out in two weeks. In the last days of July, superphosphate at the rate of 30 g per m² is introduced into the ground in a garden bed with celery.

Celery after harvest

What to plant after celery

The next year on a plot where celery, can be grown onion, garlic, legumes, tomatoes and potatoes.

Pests and Celery Diseases

Celery diseases

Celery in the open soil may be ill with such diseases:

Rust - It manifests itself at the beginning of the summer by the appearance of red-brown pads on the bottom side of the cuffs, leaves and celery stems. With the development of the disease, the affected parts of the plant turn yellow and dry, losing taste. To combat rust, the plant treatment is used by phytoosporin-M, diverting 4-5 ml of the drug in the water liter - this amount of the solution is enough for processing of 10 m²;

Septoria or White spotting or Late burn, Amazing celery at the end of summer: Numerous yellow specks appear on the leaves, on the cutters - the oblong depressed stains of the brown-brown color. Stimulates the development of a cold rainy weather. For the treatment of celery from septoriosis, a plant spraying with solutions of Fundazola or Topcin-M is carried out. The last processing session must be carried out no later than 3 weeks before harvesting;

Churchosposition or Early burns It manifests itself in the crude, cold, with sharp drops of temperature: on the leaves in large numbers there are rounded stains with a diameter of up to 5 mm with a brown rim and a light middle. On the stains, the stains have an oblong shape, and if the air humidity increases, the stains are covered with a purple raid. As a result of the development of the disease, the affected stiffs and leaves dry. To combat the disease, the same methods are used as in the treatment of septoriosis;

Growing leaf celery

False mild dew It strikes the ground part of the plant, settled on it a whitish web spike, which over time turns into a felt film with black dots. Progresses the disease under cold dears and sharp differences in humidity and air temperature. The best folk remedy for mildew - the infusion of a field cooker, 300 g of which in crushed form should be pouring 5 liters of water and insist about 8 hours;

Cucumber Mosaic - viral disease. Depending on which strain of the virus struck celery, it is manifested by large rings on the tops of plants that cause their deformation, or small rings, slowing the growth of celery. Sick plants need to be immediately removed from the bed. Since viral diseases are incurable, the struggle leads with insects carrying viruses - waves and ticks.

The best protection of celery from diseases is their prevention. In order not to resort to the processing of plants by chemicals, it is enough to handle seeds before planting, to observe the rotation and agricultural engineering of culture, do not plant the plants too close to each other, remove from the site after harvesting all the vegetable residues and carry out deep soil resistance.

Celery pests

From insects most often, celery is harmful to such:

Celery (Borschi) Fly, Which in late May flew from Borshevik and puts eggs under the skin of celery leaves, from which tubercles are formed on them. Fly larvae eaten leaf fabric, leaving long moves. From this Celery Cherrychi acquire a bitter taste, and the culture yield is generally reduced. In order for this insect does not appear on your garden, remove weeds on time, and close to the celery put onions, screking celery flies;

Celery blossom

Carrot fly It flies in the spring and puts the eggs under the plants, and the larvae appeared from them damage roots, stems and celery leaves. For the season, this pest gives two generations. To get rid of carrot flies, several times with an interval per week Sprinkle the ground between the Celery rows with a mixture of dry mustard, sand and tobacco dust in equal parts;

Bean Tla - The largest type of tool. Each generation is developing in just two weeks. The TLL refers to the sucking pests, contacting the leaves of celery and their feeding juice. In addition, the failure is the carrier of dangerous and incurable diseases, so the fight against it needs to be mercilessly: at the first signs of its appearance, spray the celery decoction or infusion of tomatoes, potatoes or dandelion. You can use aqueous inland citrus crusts: 1 part of the crust pour 10 parts of water and insist 3-5 days.

As prophylactic measures, it is necessary to delete the weeds in a timely manner in a timely manner, to remove vegetable residues after harvesting and carry out a deep portion of the site.

Celery species and varieties

As already mentioned more than once, in culture most often grown with the celery root, sheet and cherry, or stem.

Celery root

They are growing primarily for his root, the healing properties of which are comparable to the root of ginseng. Celery roots achieved in weight from 500 to 900 g. Since the growing season at celery is at least 120 days, it is not necessary to speak about early cultural varieties, so we offer you a familiarity with the best medium-edged, secondary and late celery varieties.

The most popular medium-grade celery varieties include:

  • Prague giant - From the emergence of germs to the ripening of corrupt models of celery of this variety takes place 120 days. Roots of the Prague Giant Large, Rephangs, their flesh light, gentle, fragrant, beautiful taste;
  • Apple - Depending on weather conditions, this productive and disease-resistant variety varieties from 90 to 160 days are greatest. He has rounded roots, weighing from 80 to 140 g, with a snow-white flesh, rich in sugars. The fruits of this variety are perfectly stored;
  • Mribovsky - The growing season of this variety is 120-150 days, the weight of rounded root roots from 65 to 135 g, the pulp is fragrant, bright with yellow spots. Consumed the roots of this variety both in fresh and dried;
  • globe - grade with large rounded roots weighing from 150 to 300 g with white, juicy, dense pulp with minor voids;
  • Diamond - The growing season of this grade-resistant variety is about 150 days. Smooth, rounded root roots achieve in weight on average 200 g. The flesh remains white even after heat treatment.
Types of root celery

The average varieties of root celery include:

  • Albin - This high-yielding grade matures within 120 days. He has rounded rooted roots with a diameter of about 12 cm with a white, juicy flesh without voids;
  • Egor - matures in 170 days. Rights are large, round, smooth, weighing up to 500 g, yellowish gray with a novel. The flesh is fragrant, white and sweet;
  • Esaul - Large, weighing up to 300 g, rounded grayish-white roots of this variety are ripening for 150-160 days. The roots of the roots of this variety are concentrated in the lower part;
  • Silacha - To ripen rounded root roots of this variety, you need about 170 days. They weigh up to 400 g, white with yellow tint. Fragrant flesh, white, sweet;
  • Giant - The light-beige cornestods of this highly productive variety are achieved in the mass of 700 g. They have white, dense, sweet and juicy.

From late grades of root celery, the most popular is considered:

  • Anita - Ripening time is 160 days. This yield grade is resistant to shorting, rounded or oval rootfields weighing about 400 g of light beige color differ in a snow-white flesh, not losing color even after heat treatment;
  • Maksim - Spread round roots of this variety weighing up to 500 g about 200 days. They have a creamy flesh of a gentle piquant taste.

Celery leaf

It is grown in order to get fragrant leaves with a high content of vitamins throughout the summer. This variety of celery roots does not forms. The most popular Celery varieties of this variety are considered:

  • Cartuli. - Medium Georgian variety, resistant to drought and low temperatures, with fragrant leaves on dark green stiffs, growing several times during the summer. Use the leaves of this variety both in fresh and dried;
  • Tender - Also, the average grade, the technical ripeness of which comes 105-110 days after the appearance of germs. The leaves of this variety are also consumed in the fresh, and dried;
  • Sail - a yield early grade maturing in 85-90 days. The leaves are distinguished by a strong aroma and good taste;
  • Zakhar. - Mid-rude high-yielding grade, giving greenery in two or three times more than other leafy varieties. Leaves tender and fragrant;
  • Cheerfulness - Mid-line universal variety, resistant to drought and low temperatures and maturing in 65-70 days. Russian leaves, glossy and fragrant;
  • Samurai - One of the most popular average varieties of leaf celery with highly corrugated fragrant sheet plates similar to a curly parsley. It matures this grade for 80-85 days;
  • Spartan - A variety with large dark green fragrant leaves, maturing in 80-85 days.

Celery Cherley (Stem)

The value of stroke celery in fleshy stiffs, the thickness of which reaches 4-5 cm. As well as leaf celery, celery of cereal rootfields does not forms. To the famous grades celery varieties include:

  • Malachite - To obtain thick, juicy and fleshy sweets of this mid-grade variety, it will take about 80 days. The leaves of this variety are dark green;
  • Gold - Also moderate grade, maturing in 150 days. The pets of this variety not only have excellent taste, but also whisen independently;
  • Tango - Medium-stage stem grade maturing in 170-180 days, with bluish-green, strongly curved long cutters without coarse fibers;
  • Triumph - Medium-stage grade, giving juicy and fleshy dark green color with a length of 25-30 cm.

In addition to the described celery varieties, such varieties are growing in culture as a yudinka, a snow ball, Pascal, Odjan, Non Plus Ultra, Cascade, Zvindra, Delicates and others.

Celery properties - harm and benefits

Useful properties of celery

What is it useful for celery? Celery's Leaves and Rights Contains Amino Acid, Carotene, Nicotinic Acid, Essential Oils, Bor, Chlorine, Calcium, Iron, Marganese, Magnesium, Zinc, Potassium, Selenium, Phosphorus, Seres, Vitamins A, C, E, K , B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 and fiber.

A unique set of proteins, vitamins, acids and minerals contained in celery ensures the stability of cells in the body and slows down the aging processes. Celery has a soothing effect - celery greens are used in the treatment of nerve disorders caused by overwork. Celery essential oil stimulates the selection of gastric juice. Celery includes in the menu with diabetes mellitus, since its leaves normalize metabolism. It is shown to the elderly people who need to stimulate water-salt metabolism.

Useful properties of celery and contraindications

Celery contains kumarins, removing a headache with migraine. Possessing an anti-inflammatory action, celery reduces swelling and relieves the pain of the joints when gougraning, arthritis and rheumatism.

Celery has antallergic, wound-healing, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and laxative properties. It improves the overall tone of the body and stimulates mental and physical performance.

Celery juice cleans blood and eliminates skin diseases, especially if it is mixed with dandelion and nettle juice. It is used to treat gastrointestinal diseases, diathesis, urban and urolithiasis. For outdoor use - treatment of ulcers, wounds, burns and inflammation - it is necessary to skip the celery greens through a meat grinder and in equal proportions to mix it with shaken butter.

Preparations from celery regulate the activities of the kidneys and liver, enhance in men sexual function, quench pain, remove insomnia, are used to combat obesity, normalization of metabolism and for the prevention of atherosclerosis.

To treat the pathologies of vessels and hearts, Celery's root is used - its use reduces cholesterol in the blood, it reduces pressure, improves the work of the heart muscle.

The fiber contains in celery in large quantities improves intestinal peristalsis, eliminating constipation. Men with chronic prostatitis simply need to use celery root, since it actively affects the work of the prostate gland, improving its blood supply. In addition, celery is considered one of the strongest aphrodisiacs that enhance sexual attraction.

Landing celery and home care

So, summarize. The healing properties of Celery appear in:

  • helps to treat diseases of vessels and hearts;
  • strengthening immunity, prevents infectious diseases;
  • is a prophylactic agent against atherosclerosis;
  • removes the alarm and favorably affects the nervous system;
  • contributes to getting rid of hypertension, diseases of the genitourinary system and kidney;
  • stimulates the work of the digestive system;
  • eliminates grinding processes in the intestine;
  • relieves pain and inflammation with the stomach and gastritis ulcers;
  • facilitates the digestibility of proteins.

Celery - contraindications

People with increased acidity of the gastric juice suffering from the ulcer of the stomach or gastritis are not recommended to use celery because it has a stimulating effect on the digestive system. Not shown celery with thrombophlebitis and varicose veins. Contraindication to the consumption of celery is pregnancy. Nursing mothers are also not recommended to be taken in food celery due to essential oils that can get into milk.

Literature

  1. Read on the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Umbrella
  3. List of all kinds on THE PLANT LIST.
  4. Additional Information on WORLD FLORA ONLINE

Sections: Surgery plants umbrella (celery) plants on with leaf roofing strokes

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Everyone knows almost everything about the benefits of celery celery today. That is why this vegetable has become popular among the gardeners, which every year be sure to leave the garden for growing celery at their own cottage. So that the cutters have grown large, juicy and tasty, you need to know - how to sue celery celery to seedlings and how to care for it.

How to grow a good seedlings of Cherlery celery - we are preparing for the new season, we study step-by-step instructions

Favorable days in 2021 in the lunar calendar for sowing Celery Chercery to seed out you can find out HERE .

Preparation of seeds to sowing

How to grow a good seedlings of Cherlery celery - we are preparing for the new season, we study step-by-step instructions

In celery seeds contain essential oils that prevent swelling of seeds in the soil. For this reason, if you sow dry seeds, shoots will begin to appear only after three to four weeks. To speed up the appearance of sprouts, seeds need to soak or even germinate:

  • Build from gauze or loose tissue bag and pour seeds into it.
  • Immerse a sac with a planting material in warm water with a temperature within +55 .. + 60 degrees for 15 minutes.
  • Soak seeds for 20 minutes in cold water.
  • It is 20-30 minutes in a saturated-pink solution of manganese.
  • Put the bottom container with wet cotton disks, in one layer decompose the seeds along them, spray with warm water and cover with another layer of wet disks. Instead of cotton discs, it is possible to use cloth x / b or folded in several layers of gauze.
  • Close the container with a lid or put in cellophane and remove seeds to germinate into a warm place with a temperature of +20 degrees (you can battery).
  • To avoid sowing material daily and spray with warm water.

The proceeding seeds with small sprouts are ready for sowing.

Celery seeds can not be germing, but you need to soak and disinfect.

Attention! To soak seeds in the lunar calendar, choose the same favorable days as for sowing. Since the day of soaking is the beginning of the beginning of the germination of seed, sowing can be engaged, without focusing on the phases of the Moon.

Sowing Cell Celery seedlings: Step-by-step instructions

How to grow a good seedlings of Cherlery celery - we are preparing for the new season, we study step-by-step instructions

Today, you can easily grow any seedlings, as the containers and soil mixture are sold in stores. Do not look for suitable boxes and harvest the soil from the autumn.

For the cultivation of seedlings celery of the cereal, loose nutritious soil is suitable and not a very high container. Drainage holes are necessarily made in the tank, otherwise there will be nowhere to flock.

Before sowing the soil moisturizes, poured into the container and make the grooves with a distance of 3-4 cm in it and a depth of about 0.5 cm. If you just opened a bag with the purchase of land, it is not necessary to moisturize it. Before sowing, the grooves are simply sprayed with water.

For furrocks, seeds unfold, which sprinkle with sand and spray with warm water.

Sowing from above are covered with a lid, a package or food film and remove into a warm place.

Every day, before the appearance of shoots from the film or the lid, it is necessary to remove the condensate, and check the humidity of the soil. If necessary, it moisturizes it.

Care for seedlings - 4 important rules

How to grow a good seedlings of Cherlery celery - we are preparing for the new season, we study step-by-step instructions

Air temperature

The emerging seedlings are exposed to a well-lit place with an air temperature within +16 .. + 18 degrees. At a higher temperature, seedlings will begin to stretch.

Watering

Behind the humidity of the soil must be carefully monitored, because if it is drying, dried and very small plants. Therefore, as soon as the top layer of the soil begins to push, it is sprayed with a spray gun using only dilated water.

Also do not allow water stagnation. Permanent overalling of the soil is the main cause of the appearance of fungal diseases.

Sleeping and dive

How to grow a good seedlings of Cherlery celery - we are preparing for the new season, we study step-by-step instructions

About about a month will need in order to seed celery to appear in 2 real leaves. At this time, it is thinned, leaving the largest and healthy copies, and the rest near the ground pinch or cut. It is not recommended to pull them out, otherwise the roots of the growing seedlings will hurt.

After thinning, the distance between Celery's bushes should be 4-5 cm.

After 7-10 days, the celery celery is seated in separate cups peat or disposable. The height of the containers should be about 8-10 cm.

During the dive, the seedlings are plugged to the most leaflets, leaving the growth point on the surface. On the stalk, which will now be in the soil, the new roots and the plant will become stronger.

After transplanting seedlings watered. Now watering is produced with watering can.

Subordinate

After a week or a half after the transplantation into separate containers, petrolery celery feed the nitroposk solution. Prepare it out of 10 liters of water and 1 teaspoon of fertilizer. Under each bush poured 3 large spoons of the solution.

During the cultivation of Cherry Celery, make sure that his leaflets are always green. If they become pale, you need to see the seedlings of 2-3 times with urea. The interval between making feeding is 10 days.

In the open primer to the garden, young plants are planted when the soil is warmed and warm weather will be installed. The scheme of the planting of Cechlery Celery: 15-20x30 cm. Do not forget 10-14 days before landing in the ground Start hardening seedlings to teach it to the air.

Observing the dates of landing and all the rules of cultivation of Cherry Celery seedlings at home, you will get vegetables, from which you can make useful juices, salads, soups. Go to the highlighted link to find out - how to cook and apply celery juice For weight loss, how to make masks and much more useful. Yields rich to you!

Why do people acquire the garden? Often for growing colors and obtaining fresh natural food. But the great many variants of vegetables and fruits robs in thought about what it is more convenient to plant, moreover, having benefited.

One of these amazing plants is celery. Its rich composition affects many human systems and on the body as a whole. You can buy a vegetable in the store, but nothing will replace your own - "home" product. Therefore, in this article we will tell about how to grow root celery from seeds at home.

Defining the timing of landing on seedlings

Growing celery through seedlings is the easiest way to get a large number of seedlings in a short period. As for any vegetable, planting root celery in seedlings requires compliance with landing time to obtain a quality harvest. You can define them along the lunar calendar, and you can track the climate of the area. About both ways it will be later.

On the lunar calendar

This method is tested by time and recognized by many gardeners. In the calendar there are favorable days in which it is best to put a landing:

  • February 20-25;
  • 8-10, 19-23, March 27;
  • 5, 7, 9-11, April 19-23;
  • 8-11, 20-25 May;
  • 9-11, 21-23 June.

At the same time, there are unfavorable days, landing in which is undesirable:

  • 14, 15, February 16;
  • 1-3, 16, March 30;
  • 15-17, 29, April 30;
  • 14-16, May 28-30;
  • 12-14, June 29th.

It should be borne in mind that the given numbers are applicable for 2018, at another particular period will be their landing for root celery.

Photo: © Annieskitchengarden.blogspot.md

Taking into account the climate of the region

In the southern part of the gardeners begin sowing celery to seedlings already in the first days of February and even at the end of January. For the middle strip, the landing time is moved to about the middle of February. In the coldest regions, the best time to sow Celery - the middle and end of March.

Early grades can be heated by seeds in the open soil, ensuring proper shelter in case of cooling.

In addition to the specified deadlines, it is necessary to pay attention to Celery variety in the acquisition of seeds, since the timing can be much varied. For example, the "apple" variety allows you to collect a harvest after 90-160 days, and Maxim reaches ripeness after 200 days. Usually features of a particular variety are on the back of a pack with seeds. In general, it is better to sow from the settlement of the growing season, for our short summer, high-speed varieties are preferred.

Technology Sowing

Preparatory stage

To successfully grow root celery, it is important to prepare everything from the very beginning to get a strong seedlings at the exit. This is a simple, but an important stage, which predetermining the further development of the plant.

Photo: © GardeningKnowhow.com

Choosing a place to accommodate crops . Immediately after placing seedlings, the container must be put in a warm dark place. After picking celery, it is better to take a sunny place. Since during this period the light day is still short - many gardeners acquire phytolamba. The shower is carried out practically around the clock in the first week. The best location for seedling celery in winter - on the windowsill at home, and with the arrival of heat you can move the young plants to the balcony or veranda.

Cooking soil and tanks . Soil for seed accommodation can be purchased in a specialized store or cook yourself. To do this, you will need 1 part of the turf land, 1 part of the sand, 1 part of the peat and 2 parts of humus. All this is mixed 2 days before the seedlings are placed, immediately shed potassium permanganate with a warm solution. A day later, they are already shedding with fungicide to minimize the risk of developing further fungal diseases.

Immediately before landing, the soil is mixed again, it is recommended to make wood ash - 1 tbsp. l. per 1 kg of soil. As for the capacities, you can choose from several options the most suitable. Celery seed sowing seeds in plastic cups, cassettes, large low containers, wooden boxes, peat pots or pills. The choice depends on your desire and opportunities, before this you need to get acquainted with the advantages and minuses of each.

Selection and preparation of seeds . The preparation of the soil is half of the success in the landing of root celery seedlings. If you buy ordinary seeds, and not driving, they must first soak. You can do this in different ways:

  1. Seeds are placed in water at 50 ° C and it is stirred for 30 minutes, after which they dried.
  2. Seeds are lowered in warm water in gauze bags, the fluid varies every 4 hours during the day.
  3. In x / b, the seed bags are placed in vodka for 15 minutes, after which they are washed and dried.
  4. Seeds are soaked in clean water for two days.
Photo: © vripmaster.com

Such a simple procedure will help remove essential oils from seeds, slowing germination and swelling. After soaking in simple water, the seeds are recommended to soak in 1% warranny solution for half an hour or in biostimulants, respectively, instructions.

You can also germinate seeds (but it is not necessary): In the wet clean cloth, put the planting material with a thin layer and put in a saucer. Constantly monitor the fabric to be wet until the very moment of germination, the seed should come into a week.

How to sow seeds

Seated seedlings at home is actually easy, and step-by-step instructions will give a complete understanding of the necessary actions:

  1. Capacity filled with soil, not reaching the edge of 2 cm (do not forget about drainage or drainage holes).
  2. The chopstick make a shallow groove every 3 cm or small holes on the grid 2: 2.
  3. SEE seeds. It is better to dry them slightly before that, so that they do not stick together and are evenly located.
  4. On top, we ride literally 0.5 cm of soil, covered with a film or glass and remove into a warm dark place.

The crops are regularly moisturized from the sprayer (in the water you can dilute a little growth stimulator), on the appearance of shoots usually takes 7-10 days. Also, some gardeners prefer to plant seedlings on snow. Thus, dark seeds are better visible, i.e. It is easier to make a more uniform fit. In this case, the method in the groove is laid in the snow, and already on it seeds, it is not necessary to spray with a soil on top.

Snow melts, lowering the seed material on the desired depth, and thawed water accelerates germination. Seying seedlings at home can also be in the "snail" from polypropylene. On the tape from this material there are soil, then the seeds of about 2 cm from the edge, after which everything neatly rolled into the roll and fixed with rubber bands. Care is the same as for ordinary seedlings.

Picking

Celery seedlings need a dive after the first pair of real leaves. During the day before this operation, the soil is plentiful to reduce the risk of damage to the roots. Each raptice is gently getting out of the ground, remove the weakest above-ground parts, as they will take the strength. Then pinch the main root for 1/3 and placed in a separate container with fresh soil. Do not bother the plant completely, it is enough to cover the root.

Do not sleep the soil under the wildests - it will provoke the branching of the root.

Care for seedy

Growing root celery from seeds requires attentive care in the first month of life seedlings. Pay it a little time, and then the plant will delight you with the results.

Photo: © GardenOfeaden.blogspot.md

Requirements for temperature and illumination

Before seedlings, the temperature requires a temperature of about + 25 ° C, but after the appearance of sprouts, it can be reduced to + 15 ° C- + 17 ° C. As already mentioned above, it is better to purchase a small phytolampu. It will give the plant the desired number of lighting and will not allow shooting to stretch into height.

Polishing rules

Young seedlings should be regularly ventured and sprayed, but do not overdo it, since the overvailing will provoke the death of the plant. After watering a thin wand loosen the soil to ensure the flow of oxygen to the roots.

Subordinate

Throughout the entire period of growth in celery, it is fed by a solution of humate or an infusion of avian litter once every 3 weeks. The minimum doses of mineral fertilizers are allowed.

Rechazzle seedlings in open ground

To successfully grow root celery, you need to properly plant seedlings in open soil. It is easy, but accurate when working with small seedlings.

The soil is preferably overwhelmed in the fall and make some fertilizers, otherwise it will have to do in spring, 2 weeks before you suggest kids into the ground. Before the disembarkation itself, 1 tbsp. l. Superphosphate and plot a little water in the wells. Celery loves very bright places, so I define it a place without shading and moreover without drafts.

After selecting the place you can transplant the young. To do this, make the wells (landing scheme - mesh 30:30 cm) in a depth of about the lump in which the sprout is located. It is important not to deepen the plant, as it will provoke the branching of the root, it will not be so juicy. Place the seedlings along with a room, plump the earth and sprinkle.

Photo: © thermustedgarden.blogspot.md

Care of plants

How to care: is it possible to dip and break the leaves

It's easy to care for the root celery, but the first thing you need to know is in no case impulse. It will provoke the root growth in the side, the tuber is ugly flattened and will lose in quality. But it is necessary to regularly reclaim a little earth from the base, cutting the thin side roots with a sharp knife, the sections are processed by iodine. As for the leaves, their circumcision will lead to the fact that the root will not cause, so only the extreme leaves should be removed.

Watering, weeding and loosening

The soil in which our pet is growing, you need to maintain a wet not only in summer, but before October to get a juicy large root plant at the exit. Watering necessarily under the root, the water should not fall on the leaves. The aisle is regularly loosened before the foliage is closer from above.

This is a mandatory operation, since for successful development you need oxygen access to roots.

The loose usually in a day after watering, rain, about 5 cm to open the resulting crust. When loaned, the Earth does not turn over, but it is gently lifted. At the same time, large weeds are chosen. Over time, the depth is increasing.

Mulching

Root Celery Agrotechnology does not require the mandatory execution of this procedure, but it is advisable to mulch the soil, as it helps to suspend the growth of weeds and keep moisture in the ground longer. Pop us as wood sawdresses, sins.

Podkord

Celery does not tolerate manure fertilizers, so they need to be excluded. In general, over the summer, it is advisable to bore a nitrogen-containing composition 2 times, more will cause illness. When seedling will begin its growth in the open ground - celery makes it easier for herbal mortar. In the process of the formation of the root, the dose of potassium in fertilizers increases, and phosphoric feeders are used for better maturation.

How to deal with pests and diseases

Celery root, despite the fact that the cultivation of seeds implies multistage treatment, may be subject to illness. Among them, malievable dew, cucumber mosaic, password, crowd, churchosposition.

Proper processing and landing in most cases helps to avoid their appearance, but if such a fate is overall, - as soon as possible, remove the affected parts of the plant as soon as possible and processed with suitable means. The bean wave and carrot fly either do not mind to enjoy the plant. You can confuse pests if you mix cultures and plant vegetables in chaotic order. When attacking is carried out by processing insecticides.

Photo: © growveg.com

Terms and rules for harvesting

The ability to increase the growth can be enhanced if the stems to the ground be hurried before cleaning. It is normal that they crack. Celery's root is digging as long as possible - let it grow to the first frosts when the tops begins to yellow. This is usually mid October. Before removing abundantly, turn the soil with water. Kornemplod is twisted for the tops, after which it is knocking on it. Sound sound means that vegetable is suitable for storage.

Photo: © hgtv.com

How to save rootfields

Usually, the root plant can lie until six months indoors with a temperature not higher than + 3 ° C without any suit and shelters. This article was to help you understand all matters, and now the cultivation of root celery will not seem so difficult even a newcomer.

Pay attention to the main secrets and advice on cultivation, they will help you get a good harvest. As for the benefit, this vegetable accelerates metabolism, positively affects male health, and also reduces irritability and relieves fatigue. The plant is precisely worth it to place it in its garden or in the country.

A source

The herbaceous celery plant (APIUM) is a representative of an umbrella family. The greatest popularity among gardeners is used by such vegetable culture as Celery Pakhuki (Apium Graveolens). It comes to such a culture from the Mediterranean, it is there and today it is found in the wild. Celery in nature can be held on the Industan Peninsula and in other Asian countries, and in America and Africa, while this plant prefers to grow in wet places.

Such a plant has begun to cultivate a long time, so, in the ancient Greece celery raised in a special way, and only leafy stiffs were used. And in other countries of the ancient world, this culture was a sacred plant, so, in the Roman Empire and Egypt, celery were used to make decorations for graves, while food, which included such a plant, was used to remember the deceased. In the European territory, such a culture became popular in the 18th century, at the same time he initially grown on decorative purposes, and only after a while they began to eat it. To date, this plant is becoming increasingly popular every year.

Brief description of cultivation

Celery

  1. Sowing . Root celery seed into seedlings in the last days of February, and sheet - by half a month later. Seedlings are planted into the open ground in the first days of May.
  2. Light . Well lit plot.
  3. Priming. Suitable soil should be light loose and nutritious, the supladic or loamy soil, which should be neutral or weakly alkaline.
  4. Watering . Water 1 time in 7 days, with 1 square meter 2-2.5 buckets of water are consumed.
  5. Fertilizer . During the season, you will need to spend 4 feeding: a solution of nitroposki feed the seedlings 7 days after the dive; herbal influence after 7 days after transplanting shoots to open soil; After a half months fertilize with a cowboy or chicken litter; Superphosphate solution in the last days of July.
  6. Reproduction . Geneant (seed) method.
  7. Harmful insects . Celery (borsheve) flies, carrot flies, bean fault.
  8. Diseases . Rust, septorize (Late burn, or white spot), churrosposition (early burn), peridosporosis and cucumber mosaic virus.

Features Celery

Features Celery

The grassy plant of celery is a two-year-old, it reaches about 100 centimeters, the root is thickened. During the first year of growth, the bushes are formed root, as well as a socket consisting of brilliant peristraced leaf plates of a dark green color. And on the second year of growth there is escapes, bloom begins in mid-July. Forming umbrellas consist of greenish-white colors flowers.

Such a culture is moisthed and frost-resistant, the germination of seeds is observed already at 3 degrees, while the friendly shoots appear at a temperature of 15 degrees. Young seedlings can withstand freezes to minus 5 degrees. Rounded, practically a double fetus has filamentous ribs on each of the half. To date, 3 varieties of celery are cultivated: leaf, root and stem (cherry). The following green cultures are most popular: celery, dill and parsley.

Growing celery from seeds

Growing celery from seeds

What time to plant

Since the length of the celery vegetation period is 120-170 days, it should be grown through seedlings. Sewing seeds of root celery to seedlings are carried out in 70-75 days before transplanting germs to open soil, for example, in the last days of February. At the same time, leaf celery to seedlings are spent on a half months later.

Seeds need mandatory pre-sowing preparation, as they contain essential oils, which strongly slow down the swelling and appearance of sprouts, in some cases the first seedlings appear after 20-30 days. In order for the seed sprouts to appear as soon as possible, they must be barbed: the sowing material 24 hours is kept in water with saturated oxygen, after that it is etched, for this, loaded it 45 minutes. In a solution of manganese potassium (1%), then it should be rinsed well using clean water, and dry. There is a different method of preparing seeds to sowing: to begin with, they are etched, for this immersing 45 minutes. In a solution of manganese potassium (1%), then they are washed, and then 18 h are immersed in epin solution (per 100 ml of water 2 drops).

The treated sowing material should be scattered with a thin layer on the moistened tissue, there they will germinate at a temperature of from 20 to 22 degrees. The attracted seeds are sown in the box, which is previously filled with a fertile substrate, its composition includes a low-chain peat, ferry earth and humus (3: 1: 1), and coarse sand is added to it. In 10 liters of substrate, add 1 tbsp. Wood ash and 1 tsp. urea. After part of the seed triggers, they are connected to a small amount of sand and sowed in a container with a moistened soil in which the grooves are made, while the distance between them should be from 30 to 40 mm. Seeds should be covered with a thin layer of sand, taking advantage of this as a sieve, then the box is covered with glass or film and removed into a warm place.

Growing seedlings

Growing seedlings

If everything is done correctly, the first seedlings should seem 7 days after sowing. When it is necessary for sowing water heat, using a fine sprayer for this. Before the seedlings are shown, drawers need to be kept in heat (from 22 to 25 degrees). After germination of seeds, the shelter must be removed, and the tanks are transferred to a well-lit place where it should be cool (about 16 degrees).

During the first 4-6 weeks, young shoots differ quite slow growth. When growing leaf and cherry celery, when the seedlings grow 1-2 real sheets, they will carry out their thinning, while the distance between them should be from 40 to 50 mm or they can be signed in a large capacity. Root celery seedlings are divened to individual peat-humus pots, shortguing the central root on the 1/3 part. During the dive of picking, the plant is planted into the soil in the pot only up to half of the stepper knee. When shoots are sipped, they will need protection against direct rays of the Sun at first, for this use moistened paper sheets. In this period, seedlings will need the following temperature: during the daytime - from 15 to 16 degrees, and in the night - 11-12 degrees.

No matter what kind of celery variety is grown, seedlings will need to provide good care, which consists in timely watering and feeding, as well as loosening the surface of the substrate. The first time the seedlings feed 7-10 days after they are shredded or sipped, for this, a solution of nitroposki (by 10 liters of water is 1 tsp. L), 2-3 tbsp. l. nutrient mixture. If the plant is overly pale, they will need to be filled with 2 or 3 times with urea solution with a break of 10-12 days. In order for the shootings to be formed burns when they are fed, it will take them to wash off the residues of the nutrient mixture, for this use clean water and sieve.

When there is 7-10 days before disembarking, 7-10 days remain, it should be proceeded to quench it. To do this, it is transferred to the street every day, while the duration of the procedure must be increased gradually, until seedlings be able to be in the fresh air all the time.

Celery cultivation on the windowsill

Celery cultivation on the windowsill

Seying celery seeds and grow seedlings in room conditions you need just as described above. Such a plant on the windowsill can also be grown from the root plant, as a result, you can get the result much faster and easier. But it should be noted that the plant that was grown from the seed will be able to serve somewhat longer. If desired, the new root plant can be planted 1st times every 2-3 months or you can wait a bit and grow this plant from the seed, such a bush will be able to provide you with fragrant greens for more than 1 year.

To grow such a plant from the root plant, it is necessary to take a pot, the height of which should be about 20 centimeters. Depending on the magnitude of the root plant, it is possible to land 1-3 pieces, while after the disembarkation, their upper part should rise above the substrate surface. The pot is filled with a substrate, which includes coconut fiber and biohumus (2: 1), it should be poured and pouring it. For celery growing, you can take a different soil.

In what place to take the root plant for landing? It can be purchased on the market or dig up on its plot. The collection of the first fragrant greenery can be spent after a half months. If the bush is growing out of the seed, the first cutting of greenery can be carried out only after about 6 weeks, but its increase will be observed throughout the year, and maybe even longer. Seeds are recommended seeds of early root celery. When the seeds in front of the sowing are processed, as described above, they should be sown to a moistened substrate, blocking into it on a half-meter, then the container is covered with film or glass.

How to water

Such a culture is moisture, in connection with this summer, it is necessary to water bushes often and abundantly. In winter, they are watered less often and using less water for this. Watering water before irrigation should be located within 24 hours, while it should be room temperature. The pot with a plant must be put on the pallet, while after watering it is necessary to drain the excess fluid.

Fertilizer

To collect the greens as long as possible, the bushes are necessary to feed in a timely manner. 1 time in 15-20 days in the upper layer of the substrate must be made 1 tsp. Agrolayph either 1 time in 7 days of bushes are watered with a solution of the drug (on 2 liters of water 1 cap).

If Celery provides good care, then a bush grown from the root plant will give greens for 3-4 months, and from the seed - longer than a year.

Landing celery in open ground

Landing celery in open ground

What time to plant

To disembarking celery seedlings in open soil, it is necessary to begin after rapts are formed 4-5 real sheet plates, while in height they should reach from 12 to 15 centimeters. At the same time, from the moment of the appearance of seedlings, no less than 50-60 days should pass. When the busting of bushes in the open ground will remain from 2 to 3 hours, they will need abundant watering. The transplant of seedlings in the open soil should be held in the middle of the first decade of May. The seedlings of root celery can not be disturbed, otherwise the chances of getting a high-quality and rich harvest are significantly reduced. Well-polished seedlings are very easily removed from the tank during a transplant, while they are taken with an earthen room.

Suitable soil

Suitable soil

Before planting seedlings into the open soil, it is necessary to prepare a pretty part. Such culture requires a light loose nutritious soil, which should be slightly alkaline or neutral. The plot must be open and well lit. For such a plant, areas are excellent, where such cultures were previously grown as: cabbage, cucumbers, legumes and tomatoes. And parsley, carrots, dill and Pasternak are bad predecessors.

Preparation of the site should be done in autumn time. For this, the soil is perplex to the depth of the bayonet shovel, while it is necessary to make 20 grams of double superphosphate and 3.5-4 kilograms of the compost or humus at the rate of 1 square meter of the site. In the spring, the soil on the garden must be exploded, while 35-40 grams of complex mineral fertilizer should be added to it at the rate of 1 square meter of the site.

Rules landing

When planting the seedlings of root celery between bushes should be respected from 0.4 to 0.5 m, while the distance between the rows should be the same. And when disembarking sheet and stem celery, the distance between bushes should be from 15 to 20 centimeters, and the width of the rod is about 30 centimeters. If desired, Celery's bushes, you can land between the groes of potatoes, garlic or onions.

In each of the landing holes, it is necessary to pour over 1 handusty of wood ash and humus, while fertilizers are connected to the soil. Retrum during the disembarkation is plugged into the ground until the seedy knee. Then the soil near the seedlings will be talked well, and the landed rages themselves are plenty. Transplanted seedlings during the next few days need to be protected from the direct rays of the Sun with the help of paper sheets.

Care for Celery

Care for Celery

Grow and care for cherry celery should be otherwise than behind the leaf or root. Any of the varieties of such a plant should ensure timely watering, weeding, feeding, mulching and explosion of the surface of the soil, and still need to process bushes from diseases and harmful insects.

In order for moisture longer in the ground, and the crusts did not appear on its surface, the cottage with celery should be floated with a mulching layer (sawdust, peat or bevelled herbs). When the celery should be left before harvesting (cherry) celery, the bushes will need to be high, it will allow to whiten the cutters, and also reduce the bitter taste in them and reduce the number of essential oils with a sharp aroma. If root celery grows on the garden, in the middle of the summer period, it is necessary to remove the ground in the middle of its upper part, while also removing the side roots and pressing the foliage to the surface of the site. If the leaves are breaking, it does not utter a bushing at all, but contributes to the formation of a larger root corner. Craft and root celery during harvest is removed completely. And when cleaning sheet variety, bushes can be used to distill in indoor conditions in winter. For this, the bush is taken along with an earthen room before the first frosts come, after which it is put in a pot.

How to water

This culture is moisture, therefore it watered it 1 time in 7 days, spending 1 square meter of bed 2-2.5 buckets of water. It is impossible to allow land drying. In the arid period, watering should be made 1 time per day. The ground in the garden should be constantly a bit wet. Watering bushes needed under the root.

Fertilizer

To assemble a rich harvest of this culture, throughout the season, you will need to spend 4 feeding. About how to feed the seedlings, told above. After 7 days after the transplantation of seedlings in the open soil, it must be filtered with the infusion of herbs, and after another half months of the plant fertilize in the infusion of kurtny litter or cow. Then, at the end of July, superphosphate should be made in the soil (1 square meter of 30 grams of a plot of 30 grams).

What to plant after celery

In the site where celery was grown in the past year, garlic, tomatoes, onions, legumes and potatoes can be placed.

Celery disease and pests Photo and names

Diseases

When cultivating in open-air celery, the following diseases can strike:

Rust

Rust

Signs of this disease can be detected at the beginning of the summer period. On the surface of the lower side of foliage, cuffs and shoots, brown-red pads appear. Over time, the affected parts of the cooks become yellow and dry out, while they lose their taste. To get rid of the disease, bushes, it is necessary to make a solution of phytoosporin-M (per 1 liter of water 4-5 milligrams), while 100 ml of the mixture will be sufficient to the processing of 1 square meter.

White spotty (septoria, or late burn)

Parsley septoria, or white spotty

Bushes are usually ill in recent weeks of the summer period. At the affected plant on the foliage, many yellow spots are formed, and on the cutters are depressed brownish-brown spots of the oblong shape. The most actively illness develops into crude cold weather. The patients with the bushes need to be treated with a solution of topxin-M or Fundazola. When the harvest is 20 days before harvesting, all processing should be stopped.

Early burn or churchosporosis

Early burn or churchosporosis

The development of such a disease contributes to cold rainy weather with sharp fluctuations in temperatures. At the affected plants on the surface of the foliage, a lot of specks of rounded shape are formed, which in the diameter reach half acemeter, have a pale heat and brown bourgeing. There are oblong stains on the surface of the cuffs, and with high humidity of the air, the purple color is formed on them. Over time, the affected foliage and stiff dry. With this disease, struggling just as with septoriasis.

False mild dew

False mild dew

She is affected by the above-ground part of the bush, while it appears a spider bloody color, as the disease develops, it becomes a felt film, on the surface of which there are black dots. The disease is actively developing with sharp shifts of temperature and humidity, and during cold dears. Best of all with such a disease copes the infusion of wild alter. For its preparation it is necessary to connect the water from 0.3 kg of crushed odd, the mixture must be broken for 8 hours.

Cucumber Mosaic

Cucumber Mosaic

This disease is viral. Signs of this disease directly depend on the type of strain of the striking bush: large rings may appear on the top of celery, which contribute to it to deformation, and very small rings that slow down the growth of the plant may appear. All sick bushes need to dig as soon as possible and destroy. Since this disease is not amenable to treatment, it is necessary to protect the culture from its main carriers: ticks and tribes in order to prevent.

In order not to use harmful chemicals for spraying of sick plants, prophylaxis should be followed:

  • be sure to conduct pre-sowing preparation of the sowing material;
  • adhere to the rules of crop rotation and agrotechnics of this culture;
  • prevent thickening;
  • In autumn, when the entire harvest is collected, from the site it is necessary to remove all plant residues, as well as carry out deep people of the soil.

Pest

Most often on the celery bushes, such pests will be seized:

Borschi (celery) fly

Borschi (celery) fly

In the last days of May, this pest arrives at Celery from Borshevik to make eggs under the skin of the leafy plates, a tubercle appears on their surface. The appeared larvae stretch the foliage fabric, while after them long moves remain. Because of this, cutters become bitter taste, while counting on a good crop celery does not have to. In order for such pests to do not appear on your site, it is necessary to pull the weary grass in a timely manner, and you also need about the celery beds to plant onions, which is able to scare up such a fly.

Carrot fly

Carrot fly

It appears in the spring time and arranges under the bushes of the celery egg layout, and the larvae of such a pest injury their shoots, roots and leafy plates. During the season, this fly gives 2 generations. In order to destroy a similar pest, it is necessary to carry out several treatments with a break of 7 days, for this, the aisle is poured with a layer of mixtures consisting of sand, dry mustard and tobacco dust (1: 1: 1).

Bean Tla

Bean Tla

This type of Tly is the largest of all. On the development of one generation of such a pest leaves the total week. The word is a sucking insect, which is capable of contacting the surface of the leaf plate and suck juice from it. It should also be remembered that such a pest is the main carrier of dangerous diseases that have not yet been found effective drugs. In this regard, as soon as the TLL is noticed on the site, you need to immediately begin to combat it. For example, bushes can be treated with an infusion or a decoction prepared based on potatoes tops, tomatoes or dandelions. Also, the infusion of citrus crusts is suitable for this purpose, for its preparation it is necessary to connect water (10 parts) with crusts (1 part), everything is well stirred and left for insteading for 3-5 days. In order to prevent prevention, it is necessary to hold the site on time, and after the harvest is cleaned, the site is cleaned of plant residues, and then carry out deep people of the soil.

Celery species and varieties

Celery species and varieties

It has already been said that the gardeners most popular uses sheet, root and stem (cherry) celery.

Root Celery

Root Celery

Such celery is usually cultivated in order to obtain a root that has medicinal properties similar to those that have ginseng root. The mass of the root rings varies from 0.5 to 0.9 kilograms. The minimum duration of the growing season in this plant is 120 days, so it allocates medium, medium and late varieties. The following medium grades are most popular:

  1. Prague giant . From the moment of the appearance of seedlings and until the full aging of the root of the root, approximately 120 days. Large rootes have a replicious form. Their fragrant gentle flesh has a bright color and high taste.
  2. Apple . This variety is distinguished by yield and resistance to diseases. The ripening time of roots is completely dependent on weather conditions and is 90-160 days. Mass of rounded root corneters 80-140 grams. Saturated with sugar pulp painted in a snowy color. Roots are characterized by good fierce.
  3. Mribovsky . The duration of the growing season at such celery from 120 to 150 days. The shape of rooteplood rounded, their mass varies from 65 to 135 grams. Light fragrant pulp has yellow spots. In food, such root products are consumed fresh, and dried.
  4. globe . Big root roots have a rounded shape, their mass varies from 150 to 300 grams. The dense and juicy flesh of the white color has enough small emptiness.
  5. Diamond . The grade is distinguished by the redundancy of the gap, the duration of its growing season is about 150 days. Smooth round-shaped root crusts have a middle mass of about 200 grams. After heat treatment, the pulp saves its white color.

Popular varieties of average ripening time:

  1. Albin . Such a variety has a high yield, its roots ripen in 120 days. Cornefolds of the rounded shape in the diameter reach 12 centimeters. Juicy flesh does not have emptiness and painted in white.
  2. Egor . The ripening of fruits lasts 170 days. Rounded large and smooth rootes weigh about 0.5 kilograms, they are painted in a gray-yellow color with a novel. White flesh sweet and fragrant.
  3. Esaul . White-gray large round-shaped root crusts weigh about 300 grams, their ripening lasts 150-160 days. The root roots are in the lower part of them.
  4. Silacha . In such a variety, the roots have a rounded shape, and they increase in approximately 170 days. They are painted in yellowish-white color and weigh about 0.4 kg. White flesh fragrant and sweet.
  5. Giant . This high-yielding variety of roots are painted in a pale beige color, and they weigh about 0.7 kilograms.

The following late Leds are popular with gloomy:

  1. Anita . The variety is distinguished by yield and sustainability. The root ripens are completely ripening in 160 days, they are painted in a pale beige color and have an oval or rounded shape, and their weight is about 0.4 kilograms. After thermal processing, the snowfoot pulp does not lose its color.
  2. Maksim . The ripening of rooted roots of the round shape lasts about 200 days, their mass can reach 0.5 kilograms. The pulp has a cream color and a spicy gentle taste.

Sheet Celery

Sheet Celery

Cultivated leaf celery in order to obtain fragrant foliage containing many vitamins that are collected throughout the summer. This variety does not form the formation of root. The following varieties are most popular:

  1. Cartuli. . Midhranny variety of Georgian selection dough- and cold-resistant. Drop-green leafy plates are located on dark green stuffs, which are growing over the summer several times. The foliage is eaten fresh and dried.
  2. Tender . This mid-grade variety, the onset of technical ripeness occurs after 105-110 days from the moment the seedlings appear. Folia can eat fresh or dried.
  3. Sail . This early grade, characterized by its yield, ripens only 85-90 days. The foliage is delicious and very fragrant.
  4. Zakhar. . The average ripening time grade is characterized by very high yield. During the growing season, it gives greens 2-3 times more in comparison with other types of leaf celery. Gentle foliage is quite fragrant.
  5. Cheerfulness . Universal average ripening time The variety is distinguished by duffle and cold resistance. It matures for 65-70 days. Shiny strong-willed leaf plates are quite fragrant.
  6. Samurai . This middle time of ripening grade is the most popular ugorodan among all varieties of leaf celery. The leaves in the bush are synimal and fragrant, they are similar to a curly parsley. This variety reaches maturity for 80-85 days.
  7. Spartan . Ripens grade for 80-85 days, large fragrant sheet plates are painted in dark green.

Celery Stem (cherry)

Celery Stem (cherry)

Cell celery is valued for fleshy stiffs, their thickness reaches 40-50 mm. Such a kind is not formed rooteplood. Popular varieties of cherry celery:

  1. Malachite . In such a medium-grained grade, juicy thick and fleshy cutters grow in 80 days. Dark green color.
  2. Gold . Such a medium grade ripens 150 days. The peculiarity of very tasty stiffers is that they can bleach themselves.
  3. Tango . The maturation of this medium-variety lasts 170-180 days. Highly-meaway green-blue long stiffs are featuring that there are no coarse fibers.
  4. Triumph . In such a middle-bed variety, fleshy and juicy pets of dark green color grow, they can reach 25-30 centimeters in length.

In addition to those celery varieties, which were described above, the gardeners are still grown, such as: Yudinka, Snowball, Pascal, Odjan, Non Plus Ultra, Cascade, Zvindra, Delicates, etc.

Celery properties: harm and benefits

Useful properties of celery

Useful properties of celery

Korneflodes, as well as celery foliage, are very valuable for the human body of a substance, for example: amino acids, carotene, nicotinic acid, essential oils, boron, chlorine, calcium, iron, manganese, magnesium, zinc, potassium, selenium, phosphorus, sulfur, Vitamins A, C, E, K, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 and fiber.

A set of vitamins, minerals, proteins and acids in this plant is unique, due to this celery contributes to ensuring the stability of cells in the body, as well as the slowdown of aging processes. The greenery of this culture is used during therapy of nervous disorders that appeared due to overwork, as it has a sedative effect. The essential oil contained in the plant contributes to stimulating the selection of gastric juice. Celery foliage contributes to the normalization of metabolic processes in the body, so it is recommended to be included in the diet of diabetics. It is also recommended that it is recommended to eat people in the age of age, which need to stimulate water-salt exchange in the body. The bush includes kumarins that help eliminate painful sensations in the head during migraine. It is distinguished by the anti-inflammatory effect, while the culture helps to reduce the swelling and eliminate the pain in the joints during arthritis, gout and rheumatism. This plant has a wound healing, antimicrobial, antiallergic, anti-inflammatory and laxative effect. It tones the body and helps to increase physical and mental performance. Celery juice contributes to the purification of blood and getting rid of skin diseases, especially if it is connected to a nettle and dandelion juice. It is used for diseases of the gastrointestinal bodies, with urban, diathesis and urolithiasis. Celery is also used externally in the presence of wounds, inflammation, ulcers and burns, for this the greens are crushed with the help of meat grinders and mixed with foiled cow oil (1: 1).

Celery-based products contribute to the enhancement of male sexual function, eliminating insomnia, normalization of metabolic processes and liver and kidney work, getting rid of various pains, weight reduction, and also used for prevention of atherosclerosis. During the treatment of heart disease and vessels, a celery root is used, thanks to it, the amount of cholesterol in the blood decreases, the pressure is reduced and the activity of the heart muscle is normalized. This plant includes a lot of fiber, which helps to improve the intestinal peristalsis and deliverance from constipation. Application of the root of this plant is recommended to men suffering from chronic prostatitis, as it contributes to a significant improvement in the work of the prostate gland due to improving blood supply. In addition, this culture is among the most powerful aphrodisiacs that enhance the sexual attraction.

The drug properties of this culture are as follows:

  • contributes to getting rid of heart disease and vessels;
  • makes the immune system with a stronger and protects the body from infections;
  • eliminates anxiety and has a beneficial effect on the nervous system;
  • Helps cure hypertension, kidney disease and urogenital system;
  • promotes the stimulation of the activity of the digestive system;
  • removes grinding processes in the intestines;
  • With gastritis and ulcers, the stomach eliminates inflammation and pain;
  • Provides easier assimilation of proteins.

Contraindications

Celery contributes to the stimulation of the digestive system, so it is not recommended to be used with the stomach ulcer, increased acidity of the gastric juice or gastritis. It can also be used in varicose veins and thrombophlebitis. Also, it is also impossible to eat pregnant women. It is not recommended to eat it during breastfeeding, as essential oils are able to get into milk.

In the regions with a short and cold summer, it is best to grow celery across seedlings, because in another case this culture may not have time to increase due to the continuous growing period. The root (left) and cherry celery (right) is grown through seedlings in the same way.

Thanks to the cultivation of seedlings, you can get an earlier harvest: good root roots (root celery) and fleshy stiffs (cherry variety).

When to plant celery at seedlings in 2021

To enjoy harvest to the fullest, it is necessary to take care of the timely planting of culture in winter. The fact is that celery is distinguished by a long time of vegetation (in early varieties of about 120-150 days, middle-limits and late - about 170-180 days). And if it is too late to sow seeds at home, seedlings will not have time to express the landing in open ground to the proper level.

When to plant celery on seedlings? And the root, and the cherry species is sow, as a rule, in February. However, it is important to remember that the conditions in our country differ greatly, for example:

  • In the southern regions (Krasnodar Territory) - It is possible to sow culture even at the end of January, in early February.
  • In the middle lane (Moscow region) - Sowing is made a little later, in the middle or end of February.
  • In Siberia, in the Urals, in the Leningrad Region - It is better not to hurry and sow celery in the first half of March.

Terms of Sowing Celery in the lunar calendar

It is possible to choose the timing of sowing not only on the climatic features of the region, but also in the cycles of the moon. So, according to the lunar calendar of 2021, the following suitable and unsuitable dates can be distinguished:

  • Favorable days for sowing root celery:
    • in January: 1, 2, 3, 24, 29 number;
    • In February: 2, 5, 7, 8, 9, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24;
    • in March: 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 15;
    • In April: 1, 19, 22, 23, 24, 27, 28, 29, 30.
  • Favorable days for cherry celery:
    • In January: 10, 11, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, the number;
    • in February: 1, 5, 6, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 28;
    • in March: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 15, 20, 21;
    • In April: 15, 17.
  • Unfavorable days:
    • in January: 12, 21, 22, 28 number;
    • In February: 11, 27;
    • in March: 12, 28;
    • In April: 11, 26.

How to sow root and cherry celery for seedlings

One who at least once seed seeds seedlings knows that this process is very simple. However, each vegetable or flower culture has its own nuances. To properly put root and cherry celery at home, it is important to know the features of the implementation of all stages: from the choice of soil to sowing.

What to choose a soil for growing

It will be better to feel the seedlings of root and cherry celery in the soil that meets the following qualities: light, loose, nutritious, with good water and air permeability.

The size of the seed also affects the choice of soil. As celery seeds are small enough, it is necessary that there are no largecomers in the soil, sticks (necessarily Suit the soil Before use!).

Such land can be purchased in almost any garden center or store, on the packaging there should be an inscription "Universal soil for seedlings of vegetables" or "for seedlings of flowers".

It is quite acceptable to prepare the soil at home alone! To do this, mix: a non-acid peat, compost (or humid), sand, garden ground (in proportion 2: 1: 1: 1). It is useful to add wood ashes in such a soil (based on: a tablespoon per kilogram of the Earth).

Tip! To reduce the risk of fungal diseases, mold, it is recommended to displaced the soil prepared with your own hands (however, it is relevant for the purchase of land). It is recommended to do this in advance (for 1-2 months, or at least in a couple of weeks) before use.

Most effective way: disappear land for 1.5 hours. Then it is very important to shed the ground with a biofungicide phytoosporin to restore the soil microflora.

In which container sow seeds

The size of the seed again affects the choice of capacity for the cultivation of seedlings. Since Celery seeds are small, the easiest way to scatter them on the surface of the Earth in a common bang, rather than to transfer 2-3 seed into individual containers (cassettes, cups).

That is acceptable Wide and not very deep container (Height is about 7-8 cm). At the package must be at the bottom Drainage holes (if there is no, then definitely do them!). For example, it is optimal to plant celery in: a wide drawer of plastic or wood, a food container.

By the way! In fact, it is possible to plant seeds in individual plastic cassettes (photo example). But for this you have to sow seeds pointing, to the aid will come to the toothpick or tweezers in this case.

How to prepare seeds to sow

Celery seeds (like other representatives of the family of umbrellas: carrots, parsley, dill) differ in tuggery. That is, after landing, they germinate slowly, cheaply. And all over the water essential oils in the composition that protect seeds from premature germination in natural conditions.

To improve and speed up germination, it is recommended to prepare celery seeds for landing:

  • The easiest way: Treatment in warm water. To do this, you should soak seeds for a day, during which you need to change the water into the fresh water several times.
  • More efficient way: Soak seeds in growth stimulant solution (for example, epin, zircon). Make the solution and process the instructions.
  • Very often for the processing of seeds of umbrellas use the procedure Barbing (leaching essential oils by exposure to air flows in water). Seeds are immersed in a jar with water, the bubbler is also immersed in water (or just a compressor for aquarium). The device must be included within 24 hours, it is important to change the water to the new one every 4-5 hours.

By the way! Pre-sowing preparation will be even more efficient if you do and soak in the growth stimulator and bubbling.

Celery sowing scheme

It is easier to sow, guided by step-by-step instructions. Let's look at the scheme landing celery on seedlings according to the standard way:

  • Prepare the soil, container, seeds.
  • Put on the bottom of the container drainage layer (2 centimeters). For example, perlite, small clay.
  • Fill the capacity of the soil, leaving the distance between the edge of the container and the ground (about 2 cm).
  • Slightly dissolve the surface, slightly compact (so that the seeds do not fall into the irregularities of the Earth).
  • Moisten to the Earth by sprayer. Water should be barely warm, clean.
  • Put the seeds on the surface of the soil evenly, try to do it evenly. So that the seeds are most uniformly on the surface, it is recommended. sow them together with sand (Seeds are simply mixed with a uniform of sand).

By the way! If you want to accurately observe the exact distance between the seeds (one or two centimeters) or you wish to sow in plastic cassettes, you can carry the seeds with a wet toothpick.

When sowing a cassette in 1 cell, you need to put 2-3 seeds, then you just need to leave the strongest sprout.

  • After landing, you need quite slightly (!) Press the seeds with hand or spoon to the ground (so they will be better in contact with the soil).
  • Putting out the Earth Seeds Celery is not needed, sowing superficial! If you fall asleep their land, they will not germinate.
  • Cover the container with sowing by any observer material (usually it is a lid or film) and remove into a light room with a temperature of about + 25-27 degrees.

By the way! There is another one сLanding Celery Detachment on snow . To do this, it is necessary to decompose the snow on the surface of the earth (a layer of about 3 cm), and to spread seeds on it. When the snow melts, you need to cover the container and remove into the warm place

The advantage of this method is that when the snow is melting, it will dispense the seeds evenly and the seeds itself will be drawn into the desired depth. In addition, dark seeds are clearly visible on a white background and with uneven crops, it is possible to adjust their position to the toothpick.

Rules for growing and care for sedale celery

Seedling celery (and root, and cherry) needs to be careed at all stages: until seed germination, and to the landing in open ground. The growing agrotechnology is very simple and much different from concerns behind seedlings of other cultures, but still requires a certain discipline from the gardener.

Celery seedlings in general grows quite a long time (mainly at the beginning), so it is not necessary to worry once again, thinking that you are careful about it.

As a rule, seeds germinate after 2-3 weeks (without pre-sowing preparation).

What to do after sowing and before shooting

The main task of the gardener after landing is to provide crops with optimal conditions for normal and fast seed germination:

  • Before the appearance of seed seeds should be In greenhouse conditions. Greenhouse effect provides lid or film. By the way, you can only use a transparent lid so that it does not prevent light flow.
  • It is recommended every day for 15-30 minutes. To avoine greenhouse To avoid the convergence and reproduction of fungi.
  • Temperature conditions for germination are very important: the temperature should be not lower than 25 degrees of heat (optimally + 25-27 ° C).
  • Seeds should also germinate in light.
  • As a rule, from the moment of landing until the sewer sewers do not have time to dry, so watering is not produced. But still follow the moisture content of the soil: if you notice that the surface of the soil began to disperse, neatly Moisten it from the spray gun.

When the seeds are good and you will see shoots, you need Remove with capacitance . It is advisable to do it gradually! For example, on the first day, you need to remove the cover in the morning and in the evening for 2 hours, the next day - the container must simultaneously have a whole day without a lid (overnight), and then remove completely.

Care for Celery at home

So, the seeds sprouted, you removed the lid, what to do next? In order for seedling celery was strong, healthy and grew quickly, it is necessary to properly care for it as follows:

Lighting

In good lighting, any seedlings, cherry or root celery needed - no exception. Immediately after germination, the shoots need to rearrange the capacity to the brightest windowsill (ideally - the southern window, or any other, the main thing is not to the north).

Seedling for its full development needs lighting within 12-14 hours a day Of course, in February, in the first half of March there is still not enough natural light. Exit: Check Celery seedlings phytolampa. The lamps should be included early in the morning (when even dark), as well as in the evening, and also it is recommended to include them in cloudy weather.

Note! With poor coverage of celery seedlings, it will be slow and bad to grow, and will also definitely begin to stretch, weakens, silent.

If you notice that seedlings began to stretch, then measures should be taken. First, improve the lighting, reduce the air temperature. Then you need to put a new layer of soil in the pot.

Temperature mode

After the appearance of shoots, the temperature regime is changing. If the T + 25-26 ° C was previously maintained, now the container with seedlings must be rearranged into the room with a temperature 18-20 degrees - day, 16-18 - at night.

Watering

The Celery Seedlings Watering must be taken particularly carefully. It is very important to comply with moderation, not allowing drying or pouring soil. Watering is produced as it lightly drying the surface of the soil!

The first weeks after the appearance of germs, it is recommended to water through a syringe or a fringe (poured not at the root, but along the edge of the tank, between the rows). When seedlings are strengthened, you can carefully water from a comfortable container.

It is possible to water only clean, well-fledged or filtered water, room temperature.

If the plant is drying up, the plants can easily die, and in excess, the moisture of seedlings can get fungal diseases (a black leg is particularly dangerous).

Podkord

The feeder is made after the dive (about it slightly below)! About 2 weeks later, when Celery seedlings are finally adapted to a new place, you can make a feeder.

It is best to feed plants with a complex fertilizer, which contains nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, such as agricul, fetric suite, or any other.

It is important to observe the following rules of feeding:

  • Fertilize follows according to the instructions for a particular preparation!
  • It is necessary shortly before making fertilizers you need to pour plants with ordinary water to avoid burning root system.
  • Fertilizers should be made in the morning or in the evening. You can not do it at noon when the sun is most actively.

How and when to dive celery seedlings

Picking seedlings - an inevitable process when growing any culture at home. Fortunately, the procedure is very simple! The duration of the picking should be determined by the appearance of the plant: seedlings Should a pair of real leaves (approximately three to four weeks after seed germination).

By the way! You need to prepare new containers and soil in advance:

  • The earth will suit the same as for the initial seeding of seeds.
  • Capacity for picking should be individual and volumetric (volume of the container for one plant: 200-300 ml ). It can be plastic cups, cassettes. They should have drainage holes!

Piking scheme

Celery seedling picking is made according to the following scheme:

  • During the day before the procedure, bypass the plants with water (and even better the growth stimulant, for example, energy, zircon).
  • Fill the ground capacity, make a wide hole in the center (finger or wand).
  • Now it is necessary to gently remove the plants from the common walker. It is convenient to do this with any wand. Try to do not damage the roots. If you have thick crops and many plants, it is easier to immediately pull out the rivers and put it on the newspaper, and in such a state, to separate plants.
  • Transfer the plant to the center of the new container to seedlist leaves. Roots should lie smoothly, not bend.
  • Fall off the roots of the earth, slightly construct the land to avoid voids.
  • Make a rich watering with clean water.

After picking seedlings after dive

Picking is for plants in the literal sense of stress. Therefore, the task of the gardener to help seedlings celery with minimal losses to take root in a new place. Care lies in the following events:

  • Immediately after the dive, it is necessary to protect plants from direct sunlight for 1 week. Put the containers on the window sill, protecting from the light of gauze or the newspaper. Then again it will take good lighting.
  • Temperature regime is supported in the area + 15-18 during the day, + 11-14 at night.
  • The first 2 weeks need to water the plants regularly, not allowing the drying of the earth coma.
  • Immediately after dive, it is useful to pour plants with a stimulator of root growth (for example, corneser, heteroacexin). Such stimulants to improve the adaptation and rooting of plants in the new container.
  • Instead of a stimulator of the root former agent, you can polide the growth stimulant (epin, zircon, energy).
  • As mentioned above, after 2 weeks it is useful to feed the seedlings.

To achieve success in the field of growing seedlings, it is necessary to do this in the right time, according to the correct scheme, and in the future regularly take care of your "green" pets. I hope this material will help you put this delicious and useful culture.

How to grow celery? Sheet, cherry and root

Gardeners are grown in their sections of celery: sheet, cherry and root.

And before the beginning of the XVII century, only the first two existed in nature.

They have roots and powerful enough roots, only green leaves are used.

They contain all the vitamins of group B, vitamins C, E, U, Pectinis, amino acids, potassium mineral salts, calcium, phosphorus, proteins, sugar, coumarins, starch and more than a dozen most important trace elements.

Root celery was taken artificially, and it was in his roots

How to grow celery? Sheet, cherry and root

Dozens of times more than more beneficial substances and vitamins than in other types.

How to grow celery? Sheet, cherry and root

Sheet grow easy

Sheet grades form a lot of simple or curly leaves. After cutting, they grow very quickly. The urine root system of this species is located in the surface layer of the soil.

It is grown in the open soil and sow on a vegetable bed after May 5. The land is well refilled by organic. It must have a neutral reaction, otherwise the greens will grow very badly. The sowing material before sowing is soaked in a solution "Korninner", then the seeds will go at least a week earlier.

After the appearance of germs, you need three times to feed the plants by organica (only natural!): In mid-May, the beginning and end of June. For this, the solution is best suited for a solution of liquid cow in a concentration of 1:10.

Water weekly, in the heat - more often. Starting from mid-June, green leaves are periodically cut off.

How to grow celery? Sheet, cherry and root

Cherry and root - only through seedlings

In cherry sorts, large fleshy stems grow, the thickness of which can reach 4 - 5 cm. They consist of gentle fibers and have a whitish color. From these stems are wonderful salads. The root system is the same as the leafy.

Root celery has round meaty root roots weighing 500 - 600 grams. They have a porous, creamy or yellowish pulp. The bottom of the root plant is formed by the urine "beard" from small roots.

In order to get cap sweets and root roots first, you first need to raise the seedlings. Seeds are seeded for her: cherry - in mid-March, root - at the end of February.

For sowing, use any finished mixture for vegetable crops. Before sowing, add to it (by 1 kilogram of the mixture): a glass of wood ash and 20 g of urea.

Before sowing seeds, it is necessary to soak within 48 hours, since the ether-oil volatile compounds that are inside the seed interfere with the rapid cracking of the seed shell. Without soaking, it can "seek" in a pot more than three weeks, without giving germs.

How to grow celery? Seeds and seedlings

Since celery seeds are very small, put them in a small bag of gauze, and lower them in a bowl with warm water. Change the water several times. After such preparation, the seeds in the pots are scored in 10 - 12 days.

So that in the future it is not to dive young plants, lay the swollen seeds into a plastic 5-milliter pot (2 - 3 seeds in each). The soil is pre-wet down well and tweezers buckle seeds into the soil per 1 cm. Make a cups in some pallet and cover them from above.

Put the pot into the room with a temperature of +23 + 25 degrees. As soon as the first green sprouts appear, remove the film, the land is well spangling with warm water and plug up the landing soil with a layer 1 cm. Then put the pot on the window.

How to grow celery? Seeds and seedlings

After the appearance in the seedlings of two leaves, leave only one stronger bush in each pot. Wait a couple of weeks and give plants first feeding with some kind of mineral complex for seedlings of vegetables (1.5 grams per 1 liter of water). In the future, feed twice a month, increasing the dose of fertilizer to 2 grams.

Shortly before the transplant to the greenhouse during the day for 3 to 4 hours. Exhibit the pot with seedlings to the balcony. As a rule, the seedlings are transplanted into the greenhouse after May 10.

Root celery tubers are fully affected by the second year. But in the first one you can dig up half of the fruit. They will not raise the large mass (maximum - 400 g), but they have a lot more and more pleasant to the pulp than double-year.

How to grow celery? Sheet, cherry and root

To grow celery - Start good seeds

Now in the seed market you can see a lot of varieties of sheet, cherry and root celery. Therefore, we want to tell you the most, which for many years have passed the tests on our experienced vegetable beds. These are celery: Sheet - Egor, Cherchichkova - Pascal, Root - "Mribovsky"

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